Library

 

President Nixon and the Role of Intelligence in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly version

This collection highlights the causes and consequences of US Intelligence Community’s (IC) failure to foresee the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the October War or the Yom Kippur War. A coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel on October 6, the day of Yom Kippur. Prior to October 6, the CIA concluded that the Arabs would not attack, so the offensive surprised US policymakers as well as Israel. Directorate of Intelligence (DI) analysts believed that Arab military inferiority would militate against an attack on Israel. DI analysis did not explore the possibility that leaders might go to war--even at the risk of losing--to pursue political objectives. According to an internal postmortem, Agency analysis was impaired by preconceptions about Arab military capabilities, information overload, rational actor modeling and groupthink.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Egypt-USSR

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394434
AttachmentSize
1972-07-25.pdf103.8 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Egypt-USSR

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83943f8
AttachmentSize
1972-07-20.pdf47.7 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Fedayeen

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394430
AttachmentSize
1973-12-19A.pdf90.13 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: International Oil

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394455
AttachmentSize
1973-12-27.pdf75.78 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Israel-Egypt-Syria

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394437
AttachmentSize
1973-10-06.pdf115.49 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Israel-Syria

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839443f
AttachmentSize
1974-04-03.pdf134.8 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Lebanon

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394449
AttachmentSize
1973-05-07.pdf50.67 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Lebanon-Fedayeen

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394425
AttachmentSize
1973-05-09A.pdf47.45 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Lebanon-Fedayeen

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83943f6
AttachmentSize
1973-05-05.pdf40.88 KB

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Central Intelligence Bulletin: Libya

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394422
AttachmentSize
1973-11-21B.pdf92.75 KB

Pages