Library

 

President Nixon and the Role of Intelligence in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War

Our URL has changed!  The CIA Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Electronic Reading Room has moved to https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom.  Please update any bookmarks with the new URL.

This collection highlights the causes and consequences of US Intelligence Community’s (IC) failure to foresee the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the October War or the Yom Kippur War. A coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel on October 6, the day of Yom Kippur. Prior to October 6, the CIA concluded that the Arabs would not attack, so the offensive surprised US policymakers as well as Israel. Directorate of Intelligence (DI) analysts believed that Arab military inferiority would militate against an attack on Israel. DI analysis did not explore the possibility that leaders might go to war--even at the risk of losing--to pursue political objectives. According to an internal postmortem, Agency analysis was impaired by preconceptions about Arab military capabilities, information overload, rational actor modeling and groupthink.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83944be
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-18A-SR.pdf336.26 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839446f
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-07C.pdf594.13 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839441f
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-19A.pdf921.88 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839456d
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-22B.pdf155.82 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839451e
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-12-11A.pdf96.94 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83944ce
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-09C.pdf274.7 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839447f
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-05-16.pdf49.65 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839442f
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-12-22.pdf89.34 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839457d
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-06A.pdf184.12 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839452e
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-11-CIA.pdf524.99 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83944de
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-19C.pdf551.77 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394490
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-19B-CM.pdf273.39 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394440
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-09-29.pdf102.37 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839458e
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-17C.pdf246.52 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83943f0
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1972-07-18.pdf234.09 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d839453e
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-20-CIA.pdf25.03 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d83944ef
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-18B-SR.pdf339.49 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839449f
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-05-07-CM.pdf71.62 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394450
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1974-01-04.pdf211.88 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394400
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-12B.pdf345.51 KB

Pages