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President Nixon and the Role of Intelligence in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War

This collection highlights the causes and consequences of US Intelligence Community’s (IC) failure to foresee the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the October War or the Yom Kippur War. A coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel on October 6, the day of Yom Kippur. Prior to October 6, the CIA concluded that the Arabs would not attack, so the offensive surprised US policymakers as well as Israel. Directorate of Intelligence (DI) analysts believed that Arab military inferiority would militate against an attack on Israel. DI analysis did not explore the possibility that leaders might go to war--even at the risk of losing--to pursue political objectives. According to an internal postmortem, Agency analysis was impaired by preconceptions about Arab military capabilities, information overload, rational actor modeling and groupthink.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

 

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394443

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394403

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394409

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839444f

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394450

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East Crisis

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394401
No document available for download

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East War

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839441f

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Weekly Summary: The Middle East: Toward Geneva

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394414

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Weekly Summary: USSR-Egypt: Dirty Linen

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394436

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Weekly Summary: War in the Middle East

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d839444d

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