Library

 

President Nixon and the Role of Intelligence in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War

This collection highlights the causes and consequences of US Intelligence Community’s (IC) failure to foresee the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the October War or the Yom Kippur War. A coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel on October 6, the day of Yom Kippur. Prior to October 6, the CIA concluded that the Arabs would not attack, so the offensive surprised US policymakers as well as Israel. Directorate of Intelligence (DI) analysts believed that Arab military inferiority would militate against an attack on Israel. DI analysis did not explore the possibility that leaders might go to war--even at the risk of losing--to pursue political objectives. According to an internal postmortem, Agency analysis was impaired by preconceptions about Arab military capabilities, information overload, rational actor modeling and groupthink.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394439
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-09A.pdf212.24 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83944c9
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-10A.pdf243.76 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394578
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-08B-WSAG.pdf451.79 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394449
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-05-07.pdf50.67 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83944d9
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-27A-SR.pdf429.89 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83943f9
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-12-24.pdf286.58 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394588
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-06B.pdf131.27 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394538
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-01B.pdf325.5 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83944e9
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-30-SR.pdf296.16 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394409
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-16A.pdf696.29 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394548
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-06-CIA.pdf81.55 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394469
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-07-03.pdf948.21 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d83944f9
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-11-12A-CIA.pdf181.85 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394419
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1972-07-28.pdf160.83 KB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d83944a9
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-16-CM.pdf21.64 KB

Document Number: 51112a4b993247d4d8394558
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-10-31A-CIA.pdf1.23 MB

Document Number: 51112a4a993247d4d8394479
AttachmentSize
PDF icon 1973-05-17.pdf409.03 KB

Pages