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Doctor Zhivago

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“No single man makes history. History cannot be seen, just as one cannot see grass growing. Wars and revolutions, kings and Robespierres, are history's organic agents, its yeast. But revolutions are made by fanatical men of action with one-track mind, geniuses in their ability to confine themselves to a limited field. They overturn the old order in a few hours or days, the whole upheaval takes a few weeks or at most years, but the fanatical spirit that inspired the upheavals is worshiped for decades thereafter, for centuries. ”

- Boris Leonidovich Pasternak, Doctor Zhivago

 

CIA Publishes Doctor Zhivago in Russian and Exposes Life in USSR under Communism

The CIA has declassified 99 documents describing the CIA’s role publishing Boris Leonidovich Pasternak’s epic novel, Doctor Zhivago, for the first time in Russian in 1958 after it had been banned from being published in the Soviet Union. The Zhivago project was one of many CIA-supported covert publishing programs that involved distributing banned books, periodicals, pamphlets, and other materials to intellectuals in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. This collection provides a glimpse into a thoughtful plan to accomplish fast turn-around results without doing harm to foreign partners or Pasternak. Following the publication of Doctor Zhivago in Russian in 1958, Pasternak won the Nobel Prize for Literature, the popularity of the book skyrocketed, and the plight of Pasternak in the Soviet Union received global media attention. Moscow had hoped to avoid these precipitous outcomes by initially refusing to publish the novel two years earlier. There is no indication in this collection that having Pasternak win the Nobel Prize was part of the Agency’s original plan; however, it contributed to appeals to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, and it was a blow to those who insisted that the Soviets in 1958 enjoyed internal freedom. Of note, the documents in this collection show how effective “soft power” can influence events and drive foreign policy.

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®

FOIA

19581105 CABLE AEDINOSAUR 2053Z

Document Number: 0005796292
Pages:
3
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796292.pdf124.65 KB

FOIA

19581105 CABLE AEDINOSAUR 2232Z

Document Number: 0005796294
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796294.pdf80.96 KB

FOIA

19581105 MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD: RESUME OCB LUNCHEON MEETING, 5 NOVEMBER 1958

Document Number: 0003094308
Pages:
3
AttachmentSize
DOC_0003094308.pdf39.63 KB

FOIA

19581105 MEMORANDUM ON MANUSCRIPT OF DR. ZHIVAGO

Document Number: 0005796291
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796291.pdf79.03 KB

FOIA

19581106 CABLE TO DIRECTOR ON PRESS COVERAGE OF PASTERNAK CASE

Document Number: 0005796296
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796296.pdf89 KB

FOIA

19581107 CABLE TO CHIEFS OF SR AND WE ON SOVIET WRITERS UNION STAND AGAINST PASTERNAK

Document Number: 0005796301
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796301.pdf96.47 KB

FOIA

19581112 LETTER ON BROADCASTING RIGHTS FOR DR. ZHIVAGO

Document Number: 0002389319
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0002389319.pdf121.65 KB

FOIA

19581118 CABLE AEDINOSAUR

Document Number: 0005796323
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796323.pdf97.01 KB

FOIA

19581118 CABLE AEDINOSAUR

Document Number: 0005796318
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796318.pdf70.67 KB

FOIA

19581118 MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD: TELEPHONE CONVERSATION

Document Number: 0005796320
Pages:
2
AttachmentSize
DOC_0005796320.pdf115.72 KB

Pages