CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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II-012 Soviet Policy on Berlin and Germany, CIA/DI/OCI Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 11 May 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a2


II-013 Soviet ICBM Program, CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 16 May 1961 (DOI, early May 1961)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a0


II-014 “Conversations with Messrs Ed Proctor and Jack Smith re Use of Chickadee Material in NIE 11-8-61,” CIA/DP Memorandum for the Record, John Maury, Chief SR Division, 7 June 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d7


II-016 East West Relations, CIA/DI/OCI Current Intelligence Weekly, 13 July 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607aa


II-018 Assessment of [redacted] CIA/DP, Memorandum for the Record, John Maury, Chief SR Division, 13 July 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607ae


II-019 Pages from the 14 July 1961 calendars of DCI Allen Dulles, his secretary, and from President Kennedy’s 14 July 1961 appointment agenda

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607af


II-020 (Chronology of) Selected Statements by Khrushchev on Berlin, CIA/DI/OCI, 15 July 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c2


II-021 Meeting No.18 [clandestine meeting with Oleg Penkovskiy], CIA/DO, 18 July 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607dd


II-024 “Soviet Efforts to Determine Western Planning on the Berlin Situation,” CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 24 July 1961 (DOI, mid-July 1961).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a6


II-024a - Comment on Document II-24, CIA/DI/OCI, 26 July 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c1