CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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I-58 - Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies 1957-1962, NIE 11-4-57, 12 November 1957.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6091a


I-78 - Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies 1958-1963, NIE 11-4-58, 12 December 1958.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092b


II-003 “Some Implications of Khrushchev’s Speech to the Supreme Soviet,” CIA/DI/ONE, Memorandum for the Director from Sherman Kent, Director ONE, 21 January 1960.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607fa


II-006 Khrushchev’s Strategy on Berlin, CIA/DI/OCI, Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 18 August 1960

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607fd


II-008 Moscow and Berlin (Bloc Tactics), CIA/DI/OCI Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 1 December 1960

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607f9


II-010 - Chronology of the Berlin Problem since The Fall of 1958, CIA/DI/OCI, 20 March 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b4


II-012 Soviet Policy on Berlin and Germany, CIA/DI/OCI Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 11 May 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a2


II-013 Soviet ICBM Program, CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 16 May 1961 (DOI, early May 1961)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a0


II-016 East West Relations, CIA/DI/OCI Current Intelligence Weekly, 13 July 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607aa


II-018 Assessment of [redacted] CIA/DP, Memorandum for the Record, John Maury, Chief SR Division, 13 July 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607ae