CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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I-085 “The Use of Artillery in Support of an Army Counterattack,” Information Collection of the Artillery, issue No.49, 1959, CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 28 November 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c7


I-086 CIA/CSI/ History Staff Monograph, The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and Oxcart Programs, 16 July 2002.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60852


I-087 CIA/CIS/History Staff, Center for Study of Intelligence, Cold War Records: CORONA: America’s First Satellite Program, edited by Kevin C. Ruffner, 1995.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60857


II-001 “Extract of Khrushchev’s 10 November 1958 Ultimatum on Berlin,” 26 November 1958 Documents on Germany 1944–1985, Foreign Relations of the United States, US Department of State, p 542–546.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60926


II-002 Probable Soviet Course of Action Regarding Berlin and Germany, NIE 100-2-59, 24 February 1959.

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509467


II-003 “Some Implications of Khrushchev’s Speech to the Supreme Soviet,” CIA/DI/ONE, Memorandum for the Director from Sherman Kent, Director ONE, 21 January 1960.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607fa


II-006 Khrushchev’s Strategy on Berlin, CIA/DI/OCI, Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 18 August 1960

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607fd


II-008 Moscow and Berlin (Bloc Tactics), CIA/DI/OCI Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 1 December 1960

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607f9


II-009 - Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies, 1960-1965, NIE 11-4-60, 1 December 1960.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607f5


II-010 Chronology of the Berlin Problem since The Fall of 1958, CIA/DI/OCI, 20 March 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b4