CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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Dobele Army Training Area, Dobele, Latvia, USSR, Baltic MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, February 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60706


Dobryatino Ammunition Depot Railroad Station, Dobryatino, Vladimursk Oblast, USSR, Moscow MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, June 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60735


DOC II-016 East West Relations, CIA/DI/OCI Current Intelligence Weekly, 13 July 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607aa


Draft of the Discussion of Exercise “Shield-76,” by the chief of staff of the Polish General Staff, CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 15 February 1977 (DOI, September 1976).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50949b


Dzerzhinsk Ammunition Depot West, Dzerzhinsk, Gorkiy Oblast, USSR, Moscow MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, June 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606c3


Dzerzhinsk Army Barracks Southeast, Dzerzhinsk, USSR, Belorussia MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, June 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60679


Employment of Warsaw Pact Forces against NATO, CIA/DCI/NIC Interagency Intelligence Memorandum, 1 July 1983.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a6059f


Engineer Ponton (sic) Bridge Park Kaments Podolskiy USSR, Carpathian MD, Photographic Intelligence Report, CIA/DI Imagery Analysis Division, February 1966.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605c1


Estimates of Soviet Medium and Heavy Tanks in Active Units Stationed in the NATO Guidelines Area, CIA/DIA Joint Memorandum, 24 May 1974.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60862


Evolution of Soviet Concepts and Forces for Nuclear War in Europe, CIA/DI/OSR, Intelligence Report, May 1974.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6085c