CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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I-062 Opinions on Soviet-Polish Relations Held by Soviet Military Officers with Service in Poland, CIA/DP, 29 January 1958 (DOI, November-December 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092a


I-063 “GSFG Communist Party Conference Attended by Marshals Malinovskiy and Golikov,” CIA/DP Information Report, 21 February 1958 (DOI, 6-7 February 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60931


I-064 Soviet General Staff Theories on the Role of Missiles versus Heavy Bombers, CIA/DP Information Report, 26 February 1958 (DOI, December 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60934


I-065 The Aftermath of Zhukov’s Removal and Soviet Officer Attitudes toward Khrushchev and Furtseva, CIA/DP Information Report, 26 February 1958

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60927


I-066 “Reassignment of Zhukov,” CIA/DP Information Report, 27 February 1958 (DOI, late 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60930


I-067 “TO&E of a new Soviet Division—Heavy Tank Division,” CIA/DP Information Report, 4 March 1958 (DOI, prior to March 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60928


I-069 Make-Up of a Motorized Rifle Division of the Soviet Army, CIA/DP Information Report, 17 March 1958 (DOI, March 1958)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60924


I-073 Soviet Propaganda on the Nature of the Nuclear War Threat, CIA/DI/FBIS Radio Propaganda Report, 25 June 1958.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60920


I-074 “Rumor of a Personnel Reduction in the Soviet Ministry of Defense,” CIA/DP Information Report, 24 July 1958 (DOI, mid-May 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60921


I-075 The Tie that Binds—Soviet Intrabloc Relations Feb 1956 to Dec 1957, CIA/DI/OCI Soviet Staff Study, Caesar VI-A and VII-58

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092f