CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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Conclusions and Experiences from the “Jesien” (Autumn) Integrated Maneuvers, CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 8 August 1968 (DOI, autumn 1966).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6081d


Conservative Doctrines Gain New Currency in Soviet Military Discourse, CIA/DI/FBIS Radio Propaganda Report, 11 May 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606ae


Construction of Warsaw Pact Command Posts; Status of Polish Mobile Command Posts, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 29 March 1974.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6086d


Contribution to NIE 11-14-64 Capabilities of Soviet General-Purpose Forces 1964-70, CIA/DI/ORR, 6 October 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60662


Contribution to NIE 11-14-69, Soviet and East European General Purpose Forces, Part II, Ground and Air Forces, CIA/DI/OSR, 1 September 1969.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608e9


Controversy over the Role of the Soviet General Staff: Indications and Issues, CIA/DI/OSR, Research Paper, November 1975.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60888


Correction to “Dissolution of Soviet Military Advisory Groups in the Satellites,” CIA/DP Information Report, 12 November 1958 (DOI, early September 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60933


Critique of a Front’s Two-Stage Operational-Rear Exercise Conducted in July 1961, by Commander in Chief of Ground Troops, Marshal of the Soviet Union Chuykov, and the Chief of the Main Staff of the Ground Troops, General of the Army Popov, a Russian top s

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6094a


Critique of Exercise Tarcza (Shield)-79, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 18 June 1980 (DOI, December 1979).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608dd


Critique of Exercise “Shield-76,” by the Polish Minister of National Defense, CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 11 April 1977 (DOI, September 1976).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509499