CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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I-056 “CC/CPSU Secret Letter Criticizing Political Work in the Soviet Army,” CIA/DP Information Report, 3 November 1957 (DOI, 19 October 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60907


I-057 “CC/CPSU Letter Concerning Removal of Zhukov as Minister of Defense,” CIA/DP Information Report, 3 November 1957 (DOI, 1 November 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60915


I-057a “Correction to ‘CC/CPSU letter concerning Removal of Zhukov as Minister of Defense,’ CIA/DP Information Report, 18 November 1957 (DOI, 18 November 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60910


I-058 - Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies 1957-1962, NIE 11-4-57, 12 November 1957.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6091a


I-059 “Soviet Army and Air Force Units in the Belorussia and Kiev Military Districts and East Germany,” CIA/DP Information Report, 21 November 1957 (DOI, September and October 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60913


I-060 “Reprimand of Grechko by Zhukov and Other Criticisms of Zhukov,” CIA/DP Information Report, 21 November 1957 (DOI, 27-29 October 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60912


I-061 “Some Issues in the Purge of Marshal Zhukov,” CIA/DI/FBIS Radio Propaganda Report, 20 December 1957.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6091f


I-062 Opinions on Soviet-Polish Relations Held by Soviet Military Officers with Service in Poland, CIA/DP, 29 January 1958 (DOI, November-December 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092a


I-063 “GSFG Communist Party Conference Attended by Marshals Malinovskiy and Golikov,” CIA/DP Information Report, 21 February 1958 (DOI, 6-7 February 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60931


I-064 Soviet General Staff Theories on the Role of Missiles versus Heavy Bombers, CIA/DP Information Report, 26 February 1958 (DOI, December 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60934