CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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Chuguyev Army Barracks SE, Chuguyev, Kharkov Oblast USSR, Kiev MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, December 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60607


Chuguyev Army Barracks West, Chuguyev, Kharkov Oblast, USSR, Kiev, MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, November 1964.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605e3


Chuguyev Barracks North, Chuguyev, Kharkov Oblast, USSR, Kiev MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, December 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a6066f


Chuguyev Training Area Southeast, Chuguyev, Kharkov Oblast, USSR, Kiev MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, February1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60733


CIA/CIS/History Staff, Center for Study of Intelligence, Cold War Records: CORONA: America’s First Satellite Program, edited by Kevin C. Ruffner, 1995.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60857


CIA/CSI/ History Staff Monograph, The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and Oxcart Programs, 16 July 2002.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60852


Combat Actions of a Tank Army Separated from Other Front Forces by Maj. Gen. of Tank Troops G. Zavizion and Col. L. Kurkov, Col. Gen. G. Ariko and Lt. Gen P. Stepshin, Military Thought, secret issue No. 2, 1966, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Rep

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60884


Comment on Document II-24, CIA/DI/OCI, 26 July 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c1


Concept of the Combined Operational-Tactical Exercise of the Warsaw Pact Forces Shield-76, a top secret Combined Armed Forces document issued by the Polish Ministry of defense, CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 30 June 1976 (DOI, January-Ma

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60846


Concerning Experiences and Conclusions from the “Narew” Maneuver, CIA/DP Intelligence Information Special Report, 20 January 1967 (DOI, July 1965).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60578