CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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I-023 General Shatilov on Surprise Atomic Attack: a Double-Edged Weapon, CIA/FBIS Radio Propaganda Report, 15 June 1955 (DOI, 28 May 1955).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605a9


I-024 Politics and Doctrinal Differences among the Soviet Military Elite, CIA/FBIS Radio Propaganda Report, 25 July 1955.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605bb


I-025 Status of Kremlin Control of the Satellites, CIA/DI Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 28 July 1955, p 1-3

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605ac


I-026 Possible Incorporation of Soviet Troops in Hungary and Rumania into the Carpathian Military District, CIA/DP Information Report, 4 August 1955 (DOI, June or early July 1955).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605af


I-027 Training Course on Guided Missiles at Rostov-on-the-Don; Soviet Installations in the Far North, CIA/DP Information Report, 8 August 1955 (DOI, 1953–55)

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b6


I-028 Soviet Doctrine and Surprise Attack, CIA/DI Current Intelligence Weekly, 11 August 1955, p.1-4.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b2


I-029 Rumored Destination of Soviet Central Group of Forces Withdrawn from Austria, CIA/DP Information Report, 16 August 1955 (DOI, prior to 9 August 1955).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b0


I-030 Recent Developments in Political Status of Soviet Armed Force, CIA/DI Soviet Staff Study, Caesar XII, 20 September 1955.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b9


I-031 Atomic Weapons and Actions under Conditions of Their Employment, A Manual for Sergeants, CIA/DP Information Report, 27 September 1955 published by the Ministry of Defense of the USSR on 11 August 1954]).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b7


I-031a Photographs and Illustrations of Atomic Weapons and Actions under Conditions of Their Employment, A Manual for Sergeants, CIA/DP Information Report, 3 November 1955, (DOI, same as Document I-31).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605ab