CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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II-044 “USSR-Warsaw Pact,” CIA/DI/OCI Central Intelligence Bulletin Daily Brief, 26 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607cc


II-046 Pouch List of Clandestine Reports to Newport, RI, for President Kennedy at the summer White House, CIA/DP, 27 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d6


II-048 Soviet Tactics in the Berlin Crisis, Reaction in Eastern Europe to the Berlin Crisis, Suspect Elements Moved from East German Border Zone, East-West Developments, and The Forthcoming Soviet Party Congress, CIA/DI/OCI

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d9


II-049 Address by Roswell L. Gilpatric, Deputy Secretary of Defense, before the Business Council at The Homestead, Hot Springs, VA, 21 October 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a1


II-050 New Emphasis on Strengthening Soviet Strategic Missile Capabilities, CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 25 January 1962 (DOI, mid-January 1962).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60940


II-051 Critique of a Front’s Two-Stage Operational-Rear Exercise Conducted in July 1961, by Commander in Chief of Ground Troops, Marshal of the Soviet Union Chuykov, and the Chief of the Main Staff of the Ground Troops, General of the Army Popov

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6094a


II-052 The Commitment of a Front Second Echelon to an Engagement by Col. N. Kalayev and Lt. Col. A. Tarsov, Military Thought, Issue No. 6, 1962, CIA/ DP, 16 May 1977

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50949f


III-001 - Khrushchev on Nuclear Strategy, CIA/DI/OCI, Current Intelligence Staff Study Caesar XI-60, 19 January 1960.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607f6


III-003 Field Service Regulations of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (Division-Corps), published by the USSR Ministry of Defense in Moscow on 2 March 1959, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 19 December 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c5


III-004 Political Implications of the New Soviet Military Doctrine, CIA/DI/ FBIS Radio Propaganda Report, 10 September 1962.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6094e