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CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-017 New Developments in Operational Art and Tactics by Lieutenant General V. Baskakov, special collection of Military Thought, top secret issue No.1, 1960, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 31 January 1962, footnote 1

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60938

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-018 “The Theory of Military Art Needs Review,” by Col. Gen. A.I. Gastilovich and Lt. Gen. I.A. Tolkonyuk, special collection of Military Thought, top secret issue No. 1, 1960, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 18 December 1961,

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b6

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-019 The Nature of Modern Armed Combat and the Role and Place in it of the Various Branches of the Armed Forces by General of the Army P. Kurochkin, special collection Military Thought articles, secret issue No. 2, 1960, CIA/DP

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607cf

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-020 Nuclear/Missile Armament and Some Principles of Military Doctrine,” by Maj. Gen. of the Engineering-Technical Service M. Goryainov, Special Collection Military Thought, Issue No.2, 1960, CIA/DP, 27 December 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607ba

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-021 The Influence of Nuclear Weapons on the Principles of the Offensive Operations of a Front by General of the Army V. Kurasov, special collection Military Thought, Issue. No. 3, 1960, CIA/DP, 9 March 1962

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60936

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-022 Support of the Strategic Concentration and Deployment of the Armed Forces in Respect to Transport by Maj. Gen. Shchepennikov, special collection Military Thought, Issue No. 3, 1960, 17 October 1960, CIA/DP

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6095a

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-023 The Most Urgent Problems of Training Command Personnel and of Increasing the Combat Readiness of Border Military District Staffs by Maj. Gen. Klyukanov, special collection Military Thought, top secret issue No. 1, 1961, CIA/DP

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b3

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-024 On Regrouping a Combined-Arms Army from the Depth of the Country in the Initial Period of a War,” by Maj. Gen. P. Stepshin, special collection Military Thought, Issue No. 6, 1961, CIA/DP, 13 June 1962

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60947

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-025 The Fundamentals of Antimissile Defense by Col. Gen. of Aviation I. Podgornyy and Colonels V. Savko and N. Maksimov, Military Thought, top secret issue No. 1, 1962, published in the USSR, December 1961, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Spec

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607ac

SPECIALCOLLECTION

III-027 “Several Questions on Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Basic Means of Antiair Defense of the Country,” by Col. Gen. of Aviation S. Mironov, special collection Military Thought, top secret issue No. 6, 1961, CIA/DP Clandestine Report

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60946

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