CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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II-27 - Memorandum for DCI, from B. Gen. C.V. Clifton, Defense Liaison Officer (to the White House), 26 July 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607cb


II-32 - Memorandum, from General Lemnitzer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to General Norstad, CINCEUR, Paris, transmitting orders for the Berlin Crisis, 16 August 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607e0


II-34a - Memorandum, from McGeorge Bundy, National Security Advisor, to General Godfry McHugh, Air Force Aide to President Kennedy, 21 August 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607bc


II-37a - Memorandum, from Acting DCI Cabell for General Taylor forwarding material for President Kennedy, Current Status of Soviet and Satellite Military Forces and Indications of Military Intentions, 6 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607de


II-38a - Memorandum from L.D. Battle, Executive Secretary Department of State, to McGeorge Bundy, The White House, transmitting Department of State Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) comments on CIA Report CSDB-3/647/945. 4 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607bd


II-9 - Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies, 1960-1965, NIE 11-4-60, 1 December 1960.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607f5


III-003 - Field Service Regulations of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (Division-Corps), published by the USSR Ministry of Defense in Moscow on 2 March 1959, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 19 December 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c5


III-011 “The New Field Service Regulations of the Armed Forces of the USSR,” by Marshal of the Soviet Union V. Chuykov, special collection, Military Thought top secret issue No. 1, 1964, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 14 December 1978.

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509479


III-014 - Conservative Doctrines Gain New Currency in Soviet Military Discourse, CIA/DI/FBIS Radio Propaganda Report, 11 May 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606ae


III-016 “Penkovskiy’s Legacy and Strategic Research,” CIA/DCI/CSI, Studies in Intelligence, Volume 16, spring 1972.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6087d