CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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II-037a - Memorandum, from Acting DCI Cabell for General Taylor forwarding material for President Kennedy, Current Status of Soviet and Satellite Military Forces and Indications of Military Intentions, 6 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607de


II-038 Khrushchev’s Intentions Regarding Germany, a Summit Conference, Iran, and Turkey, and a Realignment of Soviet Military Commanders and Cancellation of Senior Officer Leave, CIA/ DP, 1 September 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d5


II-038a - Memorandum from L.D. Battle, Executive Secretary Department of State, to McGeorge Bundy, The White House, transmitting Department of State Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) comments on CIA Report CSDB-3/647/945. 4 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607bd


II-038b Memorandum to Secretary of State from Roger Hilsman, INR forwarding INR’s comments on CIA Report Concerning Soviet Intentions on Germany, Iran (Document II-38). 1 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d4


II-039 Blind Memorandum forwarding Soviet Requirements to Resume Nuclear Testing, 1 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607ab


II-039a Note for the President from General Taylor forwarding an advanced copy of SNIE 11-11-61 Implications of the Announced Soviet Intentions to Resume Nuclear Testing, 1 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607dc


II-039b Implications of the Soviet Resumption of Nuclear Testing, SNIE 11-11-61, 7 September 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a8


II-040 National Indications Center Watch Committee Evaluation of CSDB-3/648,162 regarding “Soviet Bloc Exercises in Preparation to Strike the ‘first Blow,’ and Other Matters," CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 23 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607bf


II-041 Address before the General Assembly of the United Nations, President John F Kennedy, 25 September 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b1


II-043 National Indications Center Watch Committee Memorandum for Members of USIB, Informal notes on paragraphs of CSDB-3/648,173:“Soviet Plans and Policies Related to the German Situation," 30 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d8