CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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“Composition of a Soviet Tank Division,” CIA/DP Information Report, 14 March 1958 (DOI, 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60923


“Concept of Operation for the Polish Front,” CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Report, 14 March 1984 (DOI, late 1981).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60800


“Conversation with Mr. Helms Regarding Report on Large Scale Soviet Military Preparations,” CIA/DP Memorandum for the Record, from John Maury, Chief, SR Division, 26 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a7


“Correction to ‘CC/CPSU Plenum Decree on the Need for Increased Security in the Handling of Classified Information,’” CIA/DP Information Report, 11 December 1958 (DOI, September 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092c


“CPSU Letter Criticism of Kaganovich’s Statements on Soviet Troops in East Germany,” CIA/DP Information Report, 4 September 1957 (DOI, July 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6091b


“Criticism of a Previous Article on Airborne Landings [in Operations during a Nonnuclear Period],” by Lt. Col. N. Noskov and Col. (retired) M. Orkin, Military Thought, secret issue No.2, mid-1969, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 20 July 19

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60594


“Critique of an Operational War Game on Maps Conducted on the Southwestern Axis,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 13 June 1975 (DOI, July 1970).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6088c


“Critique of Exercise ‘Zachod [West]-77’ and ‘Fala [Wave]-77’,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 8 November 1977 (DOI, June 1977).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509496