CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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“Combat Readiness of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany,” CIA/DP Information Report, 12 December 1956 (DOI, late November 1956).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6082e


“Combat with Enemy Air Defense Means to Support Flights by Military-Transport Aviation to Drop Troops,” by Lt. Gen. of Aviation I. Taranenko, Lt. Col. A. Borisov, and Engineer Lt. Col. G. Rastorguyev, Military Thought, secret issue No. 1, 1970, CIA/DO Int

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60595


“Combat with Tactical Nuclear Weapons,” by Lt. Gen. of Tank Troops M. Shaposhnikov, special collection of the journal Military News, top secret issue No. 34, 1961, CIA/DP Information Report, 24 July 1962, footnote 21.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60944


“Command Structure and Personnel of the Soviet Ministry of Defense,” CIA/DP Information Report, 26 August 1957 (DOI, summer 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60905


“Comments by Soviet Officials on the Results of the Hungarian Revolt,” CIA/DP Information Report, 19 July 1957 (DOI, early summer 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60914


“Comments of a Senior Soviet General Officer concerned with military preparations for Berlin,” CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 13 July 1961 (DOI, late June 1961).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a9


“Comments of the Commander-In-Chief of the Combined Armed Forces on Two Warsaw Pact Command-Staff Exercises,” CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 9 December 1976 (DOI, 25 August 1976).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6084e


“Comments on a Previous Article ‘Some Pressing Problems of Antiair Defense of the Country’,” by Lt. Col. Ye. Ryvkin, special collection Military Thought, top secret issue No. 6, 1961, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 27 June 1962, footnote 12

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b8


“Committing the Second Echelon (Reserve) of an Army to Battle in an Offensive Operation,” by Col. G. Grozev, Deputy Chief of Staff of an army of the Bulgarian People’s Army, Information Collection of the Headquarters and the Technical Committee of the Com

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608b1


“Complementary Studies of the Soviet Venture in Cuba, 1962,” CIA/DI/ORR Memorandum to the Deputy Director for Intelligence, 18 February 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606ac