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CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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SPECIALCOLLECTION

“From the Exercise Sphere-1971 Exercises,” a Warsaw Pact journal article, from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters and Technical Committee of the Combined Armed Forces, issue No. 2, January-April 1971, CIA/DO Intelligen

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60890

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“From the Exercise Sphere-1973 Exercises,” a Warsaw Pact journal article from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters and Technical Committee of the Combined Armed Forces, issue No. 6, February 1974, CIA/DO Intelligence Inf

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6088a

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“From the Exercise Sphere—The Soyuz-73 Operational War Game on Maps,” a Warsaw Pact journal article from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters and Technical Committee of the Combined Armed Forces, issue No. 5, February 19

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60889

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“From the Experience of the Actions of Rear Services Units and Facilities in the Tranzit-74 Exercise,” a Warsaw Pact journal article, by Maj. Gen. V. Semennikov and Col. V. Brazhnik, published by a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50949a

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Function of Soviet Heavy Tank Divisions,” CIA/DP Information Report, 4 April 1958 (DOI, prior to March 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092d

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“General Staff Academy Lecture, The Defensive Operation of an Army,” prepared by Lt. Gen. A.N. Kolominov, prepared October 1969, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 29 August 1977.

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d5094b1

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“General Staff Academy Lectures: Front (Army) Offensive Operations with Conventional Weapons,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 15 April 1977 (DOI, 4 March 1969).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d5094ac

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“General Staff Academy Lectures: Organization of Rear Services Support of an Army and a Front in an Offensive Operation,” approved 18 February 1969, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 4 March 1977.

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d5094a9

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“General Staff Academy Lectures: The Combat Employment of Rocket Troops and Artillery in an Offensive Operation of a Front and Army,” prepared by Maj. Gen. of Artillery A.P. Suntsovyy, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 22 December 1976 (DOI,

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60840

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“General Staff Academy Lectures: The Organization of Radioelectronic Warfare in an Offensive Operation of an Army and a Front,” prepared March 1969, published October 1969; CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 3 December 1976.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60844

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