CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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“Establishment of the Top Secret Special Collection of Articles of the Journal, Military Thought, by the Ministry of Defense, USSR,” Editor’s Preface to the initial issue of the collection, issue No.1, 1960, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 8

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d1


“Excerpts of a Speech regarding the preparations of the Draft Statute on the Warsaw Pact Combined Armed Forces and Combined Command for Wartime,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 6 September 1978 (DOI, November-December 1977).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50947d


“Exercise Autumn Sky,” (Poland) secret, Military Thought, issue No. 4, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 31 December 1968 (DOI, December 1967).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60806


“Exercise ‘Lato 74’—a Nuclear War Scenario,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 20 October 1978 (DOI, 1974).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509489


“Experiences from the ‘Rajd’ Exercise Conducted by the Warsaw Military District Staff,” Military Thought (Poland), issue No. 2, in the spring of 1967, CIA/DP, Intelligence Information Special Report, 18 June 1968.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60817


“Extent of CPSU Control over Political Indoctrination of the Soviet Armed Forces,” CIA/DP Information Report, 16 October 1957 (DOI, late summer of 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6090f


“Extract of Khrushchev’s 10 November 1958 Ultimatum on Berlin,” 26 November 1958 Documents on Germany 1944–1985, Foreign Relations of the United States, US Department of State, p 542–546.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60926


“Features of the Organization of the Commitment of an Army into an Engagement under Conditions in which Conventional Means of Destruction Are Employed,” by Maj. Gen. I. Yakovlenko and Col. N. Aksenov, Military Thought, secret issue No. 3 1969, CIA/DO, Int

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6086e


“Features of the Preparation and Conduct of Tactical Exercises on Mountain-Forest Terrain,” a Warsaw Pact journal article, by Col. C. Basalic from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters and Technical Committee of the Combi

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608ad


“Formation of Tank Armies from Soviet Mechanized Armies in East Germany; Absence of Indications of Demobilization in the GSFG,” CIA/DP Information Report, 8 August 1957 (DOI, June 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6090a