CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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“Construction of Warsaw Pact Tropospheric Communications Lines in Poland,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 19 April 1978 (DOI, November 1977).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509472


“Continuation of ‘Rumor on Personnel Reduction in the Soviet Ministry of Defense,” CIA/DP Information Report, 24 September 1958 (DOI, September 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092e


“Conventional Soviet Long-Range Air Force Operations against Enemy Air Bases,” by Col. G. Lebedev, Military Thought, secret issue No. 2, 1969, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Report, 2 October 1973.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60587


“Conversation with Mr. Helms Regarding Report on Large Scale Soviet Military Preparations,” CIA/DP Memorandum for the Record, from John Maury, Chief, SR Division, 26 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a7


“Conversations with Messrs Ed Proctor and Jack Smith re Use of Chickadee Material in NIE 11-8-61,” CIA/DP Memorandum for the Record, John Maury, Chief SR Division, 7 June 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607d7


“Coordination of Adjacent Units during the Use of Nuclear/Missile Weapons in Operations,” Military Thought, secret issue No. 6, 7 December 1961, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 8 June 1962.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60941


“Correction to Zhukov address to GSFG Senior Troop Commanders,” CIA/DP Information Report, 12 April 1957 (DOI, 12–16 March 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60918


“Correction to ‘CC/CPSU letter concerning Removal of Zhukov as Minister of Defense,’ CIA/DP Information Report, 18 November 1957 (DOI, 18 November 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60910


“Correction to ‘CC/CPSU Plenum Decree on the Need for Increased Security in the Handling of Classified Information,’” CIA/DP Information Report, 11 December 1958 (DOI, September 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092c


“CPSU Letter Criticism of Kaganovich’s Statements on Soviet Troops in East Germany,” CIA/DP Information Report, 4 September 1957 (DOI, July 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6091b