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CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-98 NATO-Warsaw Pact Force Ratios in Central Europe, CIA/DI/OSR Blind Memorandum, 21 September 1977.

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d5094a3

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-99 Manual on the Conduct of Operations, Part II: Ground Forces Operations (Front-Army-Corps), issued by the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR, CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 29 September 1977 (DOI, 1963)

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50948f

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Yaroslavl Ammunition Depot, Yaroslavl, USSR, Moscow MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, June 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a6071b

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Yaroslavl Barracks and OCS, Yaroslavl, USSR, Moscow MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, June 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606e8

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Yaruslavl Army Barracks, Yaroslavl, USSR, Moscow MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, June 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606df

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Zhabinka Pol Storage Pug, Zhabinka, USSR, Belorussia MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, July 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60637

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Zheved Army Barracks Chernigov Southwest, Chernigov, Chernigovsk Oblast, USSR, Kiev MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, January 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60723

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Znamensk Army Barracks, Znamensk, Kaliningrad, USSR, Baltic MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, February 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60784

SPECIALCOLLECTION

Zolotonosha Army Barracks, Zolotonosha, Cherkassakaya Oblast, USSR, Kiev MD, Photographic Interpretation Report, NPIC, December 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60634

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“(1) Major Upcoming Warsaw Pact CPX Exercise (2) Warsaw Pact Baltic Fleet and Rear Service Exercises,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 6 May 1977 (DOI, March 1977).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d5094b3

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