CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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VII-36 Modern Requirements for the Field Service Regulations by Col. Gen. of Tank Troops J. Nikitin, Military Thought, secret issue No. 2, 1969, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 8 September 1976.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6084d


VII-45 Critique of the Operational-Strategic Command-Staff Exercise Zapad-77,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 13 October 1978 (DOI, 1977)

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509475


VII-47 Letter of Marshal Kulikov to Polish Ministry of National Defense Commenting on Exercise Zapad [West]-77,CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 23 January 1978 (DOI, 30 August 1977)

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50947c


VII-55 Indications and Warning of Soviet Intentions to Use Chemical Weapons during a NATO-Warsaw Pact War, CIA/DCI/NIC Interagency Intelligence Memorandum (IIM), August 1978

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50947b


VII-60 Warsaw Pact Perceptions of NATO Strengths and Weaknesses, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Report, 19 August 1982 (DOI, late 1981)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60963


VII-7 Warsaw Pact Lectures on Strategy for War in Europe, CIA/DP Intelligence Information Report, 23 December 1970 (DOI, before June 1970)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6089a


VII-78 Determining Norms for the Stockpiling and Expenditure of Artillery Ammunition by Col. Gen. of Artillery I. Volkotrubenko, Military Thought, secret issue No. 1, 1970, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 2 January 1974

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6086f


VII-80 The Development of the Means of Armed Combat in the Postwar Period, by Marshal of the Soviet Union M. Zakharov, Military Thought, Issue No. 1, 1969, CIA/DO, 26 February 1974.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60869


VII-9 Blue Streak Intelligence on Warsaw Pact Exercises, Plans, Organization and Concepts of War in Central Europe, National Security Council Memorandum for Dr. Kissinger 20 April 1971

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60892


VII-94 Morale and Discipline Problems in the Soviet Armed Forces, CIA/DI/OSR Intelligence Memorandum, April 1977.

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d5094b2