CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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“Comments on a Previous Article ‘Some Pressing Problems of Antiair Defense of the Country’,” by Lt. Col. Ye. Ryvkin, special collection Military Thought, top secret issue No. 6, 1961, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 27 June 1962, footnote 12

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b8


“Committing the Second Echelon (Reserve) of an Army to Battle in an Offensive Operation,” by Col. G. Grozev, Deputy Chief of Staff of an army of the Bulgarian People’s Army, Information Collection of the Headquarters and the Technical Committee of the Com

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608b1


“Complementary Studies of the Soviet Venture in Cuba, 1962,” CIA/DI/ORR Memorandum to the Deputy Director for Intelligence, 18 February 1964

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606ac


“Composition of a Soviet Tank Division,” CIA/DP Information Report, 14 March 1958 (DOI, 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60923


“Composition of Opposing Sides and Relation of Forces,” CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 19 July 1968 (DOI, summer 1967).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6080b


“Composition of the Soviet Combined Arms Army,” CIA/DP Information Report, 13 May 1958 (DOI, the spring of 1958).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60925


“Concept of Operation for the Polish Front,” CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Report, 14 March 1984 (DOI, late 1981).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60800


“Conclusions Drawn from a Tactical Exercise of an Operational-Tactical Missile Brigade Conducted by the Rocket and Artillery Troops Command of the Pomeranian Military District,” Military Thought (Poland quarterly) issue No.3, 1967, CIA/DP, Intelligence In

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60818


“Considerations re Declassifying Military Thought Articles,” CIA/DP Memorandum for Chief, SR Division, 29 November 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60771


“Construction of Combined Armed Forces (CAF) Hardened Command Post in Poland,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 3 April 1981 (DOI, September 1980).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608de