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CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Combat against Enemy Missile Submarines,” by R. Adm. O. Zhukovskiy, special collection Military Thought, top secret issue No.4, 1961, CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 29 May 1962, footnote 17.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60935

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Combat Potentials of the Armament and Combat Equipment of the Ground Forces and Aviation of the USSR and of the Armies of the Probable Enemy, and Table of Combat Potentials of Large Units,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, original report

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608cf

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Combat Readiness of Ground Forces Air Defense Troops,” by Maj. Gen. of Artillery V. Gatsolayev, Military Thought, secret issue No. 3, 1968, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 30 November 1973.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a6058d

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Combat Readiness of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany,” CIA/DP Information Report, 12 December 1956 (DOI, late November 1956).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6082e

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Combat with Enemy Air Defense Means to Support Flights by Military-Transport Aviation to Drop Troops,” by Lt. Gen. of Aviation I. Taranenko, Lt. Col. A. Borisov, and Engineer Lt. Col. G. Rastorguyev, Military Thought, secret issue No. 1, 1970, CIA/DO Int

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60595

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Combat with Tactical Nuclear Weapons,” by Lt. Gen. of Tank Troops M. Shaposhnikov, special collection of the journal Military News, top secret issue No. 34, 1961, CIA/DP Information Report, 24 July 1962, footnote 21.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60944

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Command Structure and Personnel of the Soviet Ministry of Defense,” CIA/DP Information Report, 26 August 1957 (DOI, summer 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60905

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Comments by Soviet Officials on the Results of the Hungarian Revolt,” CIA/DP Information Report, 19 July 1957 (DOI, early summer 1957).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60914

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Comments of a Senior Soviet General Officer concerned with military preparations for Berlin,” CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 13 July 1961 (DOI, late June 1961).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a9

SPECIALCOLLECTION

“Comments of the Commander-In-Chief of the Combined Armed Forces on Two Warsaw Pact Command-Staff Exercises,” CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 9 December 1976 (DOI, 25 August 1976).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6084e

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