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CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-321 “Certain Matters pertaining to the Organization and Conduct of Combined Operational Command-Staff Exercises,” a Warsaw Pact journal article, by Maj. Gen. F. Sarychev from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608a3

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-322 “Features of the Preparation and Conduct of Tactical Exercises on Mountain-Forest Terrain,” a Warsaw Pact journal article, by Col. C. Basalic from a secret Soviet publication

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608ad

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-323 Tranzit-77 Operational-Rear Services Command-Staff Exercise , by Lt Gen. V. Semennikov and Col. A. Turovtsev, from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters and Technical Committee of the Combined Armed Forces,No. 15

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608a9

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-324 (1) Relationship of Military Exercises to War Plans; (2) Wiosna-69 Exercise, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Report

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60968

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-325 “Polish War Plans,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 30 July 1982 (DOI, late 1981).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6095f

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-327 Enhancing the Role of Military Journals in Working Out Questions of Military Theory by Maj. Gen. V. Zemskov, Military Thought, CIA/DO, 28 October 1983

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605a8

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-328 Polish Army Mobilization Periods and Executors, published in 1973 by the Polish Ministry of National Defense, CIA/DO, 11 March 1974

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60868

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-328 “Planning, Preparations, Operation and Evaluation of Warsaw Pact Exercises,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Report, 1988 (DOI, 1981).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607ec

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-328 “Planning, Preparations, Operation and Evaluation of Warsaw Pact Exercises,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Report, 1988 (DOI, 1981).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607e4

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-34 Polish Peacetime and Wartime Troop Strengths, Deployment of Polish Forces in Wartime, CIA/DO, 4 May 1976

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60849

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