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CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-311 “Characteristics of the Organization of Communications in Combined Exercises of Allied Troops,” a Warsaw Pact journal article, by Maj. Gen. B.A. Komarov from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d50948b

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-312 - List of Call-Signs for a Warsaw Pact Staff Training Exercise in the Western and Southwestern Theaters, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 31 May 1978 (DOI, 1978).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509477

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-313 “Warsaw Pact Combined Staff Training Exercise April 1978,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 8 August 1978 (DOI, March 1978).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509487

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-314 War Game Scenario—Central Europe—1978, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 17 August 1978 (DOI, March 1978).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509478

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-315 “The Warsaw Pact Soyuz-78 Exercise,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 22 September 1978 (DOI, 31 May 1978).

Document Number: 5196457b993294098d509476

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-316 “Certain Matters in Preparing and Conducting the Soyuz-77 Combined Operational Command-Staff Exercise,” by a Warsaw Pact journal article, Lt. Gen. K. Arsenyev from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608a4

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-317 “Some Conclusions from the Experience of Conducting the Shield-76 Operational-Tactical Exercise,” a Warsaw Pact journal article, by General of Arms F. Siwicki from a secret Soviet publication, Information Collection of the Headquarters and

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608ae

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-318 Methods of Studying the Probable Enemy during Exercises by General of Arms E. Molczyk 29 March 1979

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608b3

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-319 “Polish Comments on Marshal Kulikov's Critique of Exercise “Zachod (West)-77,” a memorandum prepared by the Polish General Staff for the Minister of National Defense, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 7 May 1979 (DOI, late 1977).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608a6

SPECIALCOLLECTION

VII-320 Warsaw Pact Exercise ‘Center,’ Far Eastern Theater of Operations, Installation “Albatross,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 8 June 1979 (DOI, 1978-79).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608b4

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