CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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II-027 - Memorandum for DCI, from B. Gen. C.V. Clifton, Defense Liaison Officer (to the White House), 26 July 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607cb


II-028 CIA/DP Memorandum for the Record from John Maury, Chief SR Division, 3 August 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607a5


II-029 Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU Concerning the Vienna Talks of Premier Khrushchev and President Kennedy, CIA/ DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 7 August 1961 (DOI, 17 June 1961)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607bb


II-030 “Preliminary CIA/OCI Analysis of East German Restriction on Travel to West Berlin,” CIA/DI/OCI Cable to White House Hyannis, 13 August 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c8


II-032 - Memorandum, from General Lemnitzer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to General Norstad, CINCEUR, Paris, transmitting orders for the Berlin Crisis, 16 August 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607e0


II-033 Berlin, CIA/OCI, Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 17 August 1961

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607e2


II-034 “Polish Views on Soviet Stand with regard to Berlin and German Issues,” CIA/ DP Information Report, 21August 1961 (DOI, early August 1961).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c4


II-034a - Memorandum, from McGeorge Bundy, National Security Advisor, to General Godfry McHugh, Air Force Aide to President Kennedy, 21 August 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607bc


II-036 “View of Soviet Officials on Soviet Policy Regarding Berlin,” CIA/DP Clandestine Report Special Collection, 25 August 1961 (DOI, up to 10 August 1961).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607da


II-037 Annex A: “Soviet Military Forces and Capabilities,” and Annex B: “Tables of Sino-Soviet Bloc Military Strengths and Characteristics of Selected Weapons and Equipment” to NIE 11-4-61, Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies, 1961-1966

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607ca