CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

Purchase the booklet from GPO  [external link disclaimer]

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®


I-013 East German Officers in Soviet Military Academies, CIA/DP Information Report, 31 January 1955 (DOI, summer 1954).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b1


I-014 Soviet Army Maneuvers under Marshal Zhukov, Including the Use of Atomic Weapons, CIA/DP Information Report, 25 February 1955 (DOI, September 1954).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605aa


I-015 Wartime TO&E of a Soviet Tank Division, CIA/DP Information Report, 10 March 1955 (DOI, late 1954).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605ba


I-016 Comment on Possible Soviet Bloc Military Appointments, CIA/DI Current Intelligence Bulletin (CIB), 14 May 1955, page 3.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b8


I-017 Comment on Combined Soviet Bloc Military Command, CIA/DI Current Intelligence Bulletin, 15 May 1955, pp. 7–8.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605bd


I-018 Soviet Capabilities and Probable Soviet Courses of Action through 1960, NIE 11-3-55, 17 May 1955.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605ae


I-019 Marshal Konev’s Role as Party Spokesman, CIA/DI Current Intelligence Weekly Summary, 19 May 1955, Part II, p.3-4

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605be


I-020 Field Service Regulations of the Armed Forces of the USSR (Corps-Division), CIA/DP Information Report, 31 May 1955 (DOI, published by the Ministry of Defense of the USSR in February 1949).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605bf


I-021 Field Service Regulations of the Soviet Army (Regiment-Battalion), CIA/DP Information Report, 31 May 1955 (DOI, published by the Ministry of the Armed Forces of the USSR, April 1953).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605ad


I-022 Soviet Bloc’s Facsimile NATO, DCI Allen Dulles’ Briefing for the National Security Council, attached to the Agenda for 9 June 1955 NSC meeting.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b3