CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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The Tie that Binds—Soviet Intrabloc Relations Feb 1956 to Dec 1957, CIA/DI/OCI Soviet Staff Study, Caesar VI-A and VII-58, July 1958.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a6092f


"“Enhancing the Role of Military Journals in Working Out Questions of Military Theory,” by Maj. Gen. V. Zemskov, Military Thought, secret issue No. 1, 1975, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 28 October 1983. "

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605a8


"“Warsaw Pact Fronts within the Western Theaters of Military Operations,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Report, 13 April 1982 (DOI, late 1981). "

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60966


(1) Polish Peacetime and Wartime Troop Strengths, (2) Deployment of Polish Forces in Wartime, CIA/DO, Intelligence Information Special Report, 4 May 1976 (DOI, 1975).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60849


(1) Relationship of Military Exercises to War Plans; (2) Wiosna-69 Exercise, CIA/DO Intelligence Information Report, 30 July 1982 (DOI, late 1981).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60968


(Chronology of) “Selected Statements by Khrushchev on Berlin,” CIA/DI/OCI, 15 July 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607c2


/sp“General Staff Academy Lesson No. 26d: Controlling Front Troops during the Commitment to Battle of the Front’s Second Echelon,” CIA/DO Intelligence Information Special Report, 19 September 1980 (DOI, 1997).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a608e0


A Study of the Soviet Ground Forces, a second report of the CIA/DIA Panel for a special study of Soviet Ground Forces for Secretary of Defense McNamara, CIA/DIA Joint Study, 6 May 1965.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a606f8


A Study of the Soviet Ground Forces–An Interim Report, CIA/DIA Joint Study, 21 August 1963.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60825


Address before the General Assembly of the United Nations, President John F Kennedy, 25 September 1961.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a607b1