CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces

CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces:  The Importance of Clandestine Reporting

This study examines the role of clandestine reporting in CIA’s analysis of the Warsaw Pact from 1955 to 1985. The Soviet Union established itself as a threat to the West at the end of World War II by its military occupation of eastern European countries and the attempts of its armed proxies to capture Greece and South Korea. The West countered with the formation of NATO. While the West welcomed West Germany into NATO, the Soviets established a military bloc of Communist nations with the Warsaw Treaty of May 1955. This study continues CIA’s efforts to provide a detailed record of the intelligence derived from clandestine human and technical sources from that period. This intelligence was provided to US policy makers and used to assess the political and military balances and confrontations in Central Europe between the Warsaw Pact and NATO during the Cold War.

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Documents in this Collection

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I-001 Proposed Training for Soviet Army Officer Corps to Include Information on the Employment of Atomic Weapons, CIA/DP Information Report, 15 December 1953 (DOI, prior to 23 November 1953)

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60575


I-002 Nuclear Weapons in Soviet Propaganda, CIA/DI/Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Radio Propaganda Report, 23 December 1953.

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a60576


I-004 Soviet Officer’s Views on Intentions of the USSR, CIA/DP Information Report, 12 August 1954 (DOI, early summer 1954).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60838


I-005 Probable Developments in the European Satellites through Mid-1956, National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) 12-54, 24 August 1954.

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60832


I-006 Soviet Officer’s Attitude toward Rearmament of Western Germany, CIA/DP Information Report, 30 August 1954 (DOI, summer of 1954)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60833


I-007 New Assignments for Soviet Generals, CIA/DP Information Report, 7 September 1954 (DOI, midsummer 1954)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60830


I-008 “Reductions in Officer Strength in the Soviet Army,” CIA/DP Information Report, 8 November 1954 (DOI, fall 1954).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60837


I-009 Soviet Official’s Opinions on Soviet Policy in Western Europe, CIA/DP Information Report, 11 November 1954 (DOI, summer 1954).

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60834


I-010 New Officer Promotion Policy for the Soviet Army, CIA/DP Information Report, 9 December 1954 (DOI, fall 1954)

Document Number: 5166d4f999326091c6a60839


I-012 Personnel Reductions in the Soviet Army, CIA/DP Information Report, 25 January 1955 (DOI, fall 1954).

Document Number: 5166d4f899326091c6a605b4