President Carter and the Role of Intelligence in the Camp David Accords

This collection consists of more than 250 previously classified documents, totaling over 1,400 pages, including some 150 that are being released for the first time.  These documents cover the period from January 1977 through March 1979 and were produced by the CIA to support the Carter administration’s diplomatic efforts leading up to President Carter’s negotiations with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin at Camp David in September 1978. The declassified documents detail diplomatic developments from the Arab peace offensive and President Sadat’s trip to Jerusalem through the regionwide aftermath of Camp David. Newly released items include:


  • Two National Intelligence Estimates on Egypt and the Middle East Military Balance.
  • Selections from CIA’s briefing book on Camp David created for President Carter.
  • Leadership profiles from the Directorate of Intelligence on the key personalities of the Camp David summit.
  • Intelligence on informal and formal inter-Arab negotiations and divisions between Israeli political parties with regard to the peace initiative and summit.
  • The role of Jordan in the peace process
  • Over four hundred pages of Foreign Broadcast Information Service reporting, capturing the press coverage of the negotiations, summit, and global reaction.

The documents convey a sense of the personalities, perils, and ambiguities that pervaded the lead-up to the Camp David Accords, which despite the many obstacles has had an enduring influence in the precarious peace between Israel and its largest Arab neighbor.

View Photos on the CIA Flickr Stream [External Link Disclaimer]

View Videos and Audio Files on the CIA YouTube Channel [External Link Disclaimer]

Visit the Microsite (Requires Flash)

View OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet



Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®


1977-07-15 - DCI Cabinet Briefing -- Israel: Economic Prospects

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51771f


1977-07-18a - Israeli Press Coverage of Begin Visit

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51776e


1977-07-18b - Arafat Message

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517706


1977-07-22 - Israel: Economic Prospects

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51770e


1977-08-02 - NIE: Middle East Military Balance

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51777a


1977-08-19 - Israel

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517746


1977-08-20 - Current PLO Position on 242; Soviet and Arab Advice to PLO on 242

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517722


1977-08-31 - Analysis of Arab-Israeli Developments No. 229

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51775d


1977-09-16 - Egypt: Financial Outlook Brightens

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51772d


1977-09-17 - Israel: Foreign Minister Dayan

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d5177c4