President Carter and the Role of Intelligence in the Camp David Accords

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This collection consists of more than 250 previously classified documents, totaling over 1,400 pages, including some 150 that are being released for the first time.  These documents cover the period from January 1977 through March 1979 and were produced by the CIA to support the Carter administration’s diplomatic efforts leading up to President Carter’s negotiations with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin at Camp David in September 1978. The declassified documents detail diplomatic developments from the Arab peace offensive and President Sadat’s trip to Jerusalem through the regionwide aftermath of Camp David. Newly released items include:


  • Two National Intelligence Estimates on Egypt and the Middle East Military Balance.
  • Selections from CIA’s briefing book on Camp David created for President Carter.
  • Leadership profiles from the Directorate of Intelligence on the key personalities of the Camp David summit.
  • Intelligence on informal and formal inter-Arab negotiations and divisions between Israeli political parties with regard to the peace initiative and summit.
  • The role of Jordan in the peace process
  • Over four hundred pages of Foreign Broadcast Information Service reporting, capturing the press coverage of the negotiations, summit, and global reaction.

The documents convey a sense of the personalities, perils, and ambiguities that pervaded the lead-up to the Camp David Accords, which despite the many obstacles has had an enduring influence in the precarious peace between Israel and its largest Arab neighbor.

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Documents in this Collection

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1978-08-31e - Briefing Book - Camp David: The Consequences of Failure

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d5176e5
1978-08-31e.pdf0 bytes


1978-08-31f - Briefing Book - The Military Backdrop to Egyptian-Israeli Peace Negotiations

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517719
1978-08-31f.pdf274.74 KB


1978-08-31g - Briefing Book - Soviet Reaction to a US Military Presence in the Middle East

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51778d
1978-08-31g.pdf106.38 KB


1978-08-31h - Briefing Book - Israel-Egypt: Economic Benefits of Peace

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d51775a
1978-08-31h.pdf148.43 KB


1978-09-01a - National Security Council Meeting: Middle East - Camp David Summit

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517721
1978-09-01a.pdf545.74 KB


1978-09-01b - Israel: Palestinian Terrorism

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517747
1978-09-01b.pdf115.6 KB


1978-09-01c - Israel: New Public Opinion Poll

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d5176fd
1978-09-01d.pdf88.24 KB


1978-09-07 - Israel: Middle East Tensions Cloud Economic Outlook

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517739
1978-09-01c.pdf539.43 KB


1978-09-15 - Israel: Aftermath of Split in Democratic Movement for Change

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d517734
1978-09-15.pdf259.06 KB


1978-09-18 - CIA Operations Center: Afternoon Summary of News Highlights

Document Number: 527b88eb993294098d5176e6
1978-09-18.pdf0 bytes