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The Berlin Wall Collection: A City Torn Apart: Building of the Berlin Wall

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Erected literally overnight, the building of the Berlin Wall was the culmination of over a decade of escalating confrontations and contentious blockades contrived to encourage the west to abandon Berlin to the Communist Bloc. The wall was East Germany's ultimate attempt to isolate and destroy an island of freedom. Instead of expelling the west, Berlin became ground zero in a contest of tit-for-tat brinksmanship with a serious risk of erupting into nuclear war. War was averted, but the wall dividing Berlin became a corrosive global symbol of bitter oppression that would last for nearly three decades. Listed below are the documents, essays and overviews from the eleven U.S. Government organizations that provide the background and the political ramifications of the Wall's construction.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

Purchase the booklet from GPO  [external link disclaimer]

Contributors of documents other than CIA are indicated in the title by the following initials:

  • HST - Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum
  • DDE - Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum
  • ISL - Ike Skelton Library, Joint Forces Staff College
  • JFK - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
  • LBJ - Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library
  • NARA - National Archives and Records Administration
  • STATE - Department of State, Office of the Historian

 

Table of Contents

Overview
1945-1960
1961 - Winter
1961 - Spring
1961 - Summer
1961 - Fall
Bulletins
Essays
NIE - SIE


 


Overviews

NARA - Intelligence Information Brief-logy of Statements and Documents on the Berlin Crisis1 November 1959 to 31 January1960 (89.9 MB)
Berlin Crisis logy 8 May 1961 to 16 January 1962 (1.03 MB)
NARA - Berlin-Germany Group (83.4 MB)
DDE - Background Berlin (8.41 MB)
West German Intelligence paper on Berlin (1.52 MB)
State-Crisis over Berlin Part I (35.8 MB)
State-Crisis over Berlin Part II (32.2 MB)
State-Crisis over Berlin Part III (35.2 MB)
State-Crisis over Berlin Part IV (25.9 MB)
State-Crisis over Berlin Part V (16 MB)
State-Crisis over Berlin Part VI (39 MB)


1945-1960

Winston Churchill Speech on Iron Curtain (94.6 KB)
DDE - Progress Report by Secretary of State on Policy and Courses of Action To Counter Possible Soviet Action Against Berlin (13.4 MB)
DDE - Soviet Interference with Berlin Rail Access (699 KB)
DDE - Synopsis of State and Intelligence material reported to the President, February 10-13, 1959 material (520 KB)
DDE - Memo of Conference with the President, March 5, 1959 Special Meeting discuss contingency planning in the Berlin crisis (3.19 MB)
DDE - memo of Conference with the President, 5 Mar 1959 Re: confirmation that all are on the same page with Berlin crisis (1.4 MB)
DDE - memo of Conference with the President, 6 Mar 1959 Re: concern that all are on the same page with Berlin crisis (6.3 MB)
DDE - Briefing given by Mr. Dulles given to the Congressional leaders with the President (174 KB)
DDE - memo of Conference on 6 Mar 1959 Re: proposed draft of a reply to the USSR regarding on Berlin/German situation (747 KB)
DDE - Berlin contingency Planning Statement (draft) (2.4 MB)
DDE - memo of 18 Mar 1959 Re: message from Mr. Herter indicating little basis for fruitful negotiations in the Khrushchev reply (1.4 MB)
The Kitchen Debate (198 KB)
DDE - DRAFT Communiqué Containing Agreed Recommendations of Foreign Ministers (2.5 MB)
DDE - Memo for the Record Re: Problem new language on passes for Soviet Zone travel by Western Military Liaison Mission personnel (432 KB)
DDE - Enclosures to a briefing given to President Eisenhower (4.19 MB)
DDE - Telegram Re: Issues with the new passes (2.37 MB)
DDE - Telegram Re: Proposed text of Zakharov letter (3.06 MB)
DDE - memo of Conference with the President Re: Summit Preparations - Germany including Berlin (956 KB)
DDE - Memo for Dulles Re: Report given to the President on U.S. Military Missions in East Germany (581 KB)
DDE - Telegram Re: Possibility of the President visiting Berlin for Freedom Bell Anniversary (1,010 KB)
DDE - Telegram to Secretary of State Re: Invitation to President for 10th Anniversary of Freedom Bell in Berlin (922 KB)
DDE - Telegram Re: President will not be doing any foreign travel in October (1.97 MB)
DDE - Telegram Re: President not able to visit Berlin in October (267 KB)
DDE - Topics for Discussion with President-elect Kennedy (777 KB)
DDE - Topics suggested by Mr. Kennedy - Berlin (1.44 MB)

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1961 - Winter

Dispatch Re: The Political Leadership (489 KB)
JFK - Bundy for the President Re: Khrushchev stated to Ambassador Thompson that Berlin is the main topic for discussion at Vienna (149 KB)
Cable from Berlin Re: Subject is Lt. Col. Michal Goleniewski (74.7 KB)
NARA - Memo Re: Contingency Planning with attachments (5.66 MB)
Memo Re: Some Possible Moves with Respect to Berlin (242 KB)
NARA - Memo Re: Clandestine Action in Support of the US Berlin Policy (1.47 MB)
Memo From Stewart Re: Clandestine Action in Support of the U.S. Berlin Policy (395 KB)

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1961 - Spring

Medium Range Ballistic Missile Deployment in East Germany (802 KB)
Memo Re: NIE 11-7-61, Soviet Short-Term Intentions Regarding Berlin and Germany (158 KB)
Memo Re: Summary and Recommendations (4.65 MB)
NARA - The attached is the "check list" which both he and I recommend you review (4.32 MB)
DCI Briefing: Berlin (87.6 KB)
DCI Briefing: Ground Forces (64.4 KB)
NARA - Memo Re: Berlin Contingency Planning (336 KB)
DCI Briefing: Soviet Economy (146 KB)
DCI Briefing: Soviet Foreign Policy (153 KB)
Current Intelligence Memo Re: Khrushchev's Conversation with Ambassador Thompson on Berlin (792 KB)
JFK - Memo of Conversation Re: President's meeting with Khrushchev (246 KB)
NARA - Memo Re: Temporary Reinforcement as a Berlin Deterrent (238 KB)
Department of State the Director of Intelligence and Research Re: Berlin Problem (14.9 KB)
Kennedy (153 KB)
NARA - Memo Temporary Reinforcement as a Berlin Deterrent (3.37 MB)
Analysis of the Khrushchev Speech of January 6, 1961 (7.9 MB)
McGeorge Bundy / WWR - The new SNIE on soviet responses in Berlin Crisis is interesting in several respects. (56.8 KB)
Memo for Secretary of Defense Re: Berlin Contingency Planning (2.15 MB)
NARA - Memo Re: Berlin Contingency Planning (9.15 MB)
NARA - Memo for the President Re: Berlin (8.41 MB)
NARA - Briefing Paper for NSC Discussion on Berlin 29 June 1961 (918 KB)
Note by the Secretaries on Berlin Contingency Planning (506 KB)
Memo for the President Re: A study regarding Berlin prepared in response to NSC Directive No. 58 of June 30, 1961 (623 KB)
NARA - Memo Re: The President desires that the NSC be able to evaluate various proposals for US approaches to the Berlin problem (683 KB)

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1961 - Summer

JFK - Memo for Bundy Re: Request for military plans in connection with Berlin. (311 KB)
Memo Re: Soviet Efforts to Determine Western Planning on the Berlin Situation (175 KB)
JFK - Mac - Isn't it time for some bipartisan consultation Re: Berlin (16.7 KB)
NARA - Memo for The Secretary of Defense Re: Restrictions on the Use of the Attached Report (149 KB)
JFK - Memo for Bundy Re: Mobilization Plans on Berlin (51.8 KB)
JFK - Memo for President Re: Berlin Planning Organization (47.6 KB)
Notes on Soviet Vulnirabilities (680 KB)
JFK - Memo for McGeorge Bundy Re: Status of Berlin Contingency Planning (144 KB)
JFK - Memo for Secretary of State, Defense and Treasury on Berlin (44.4 KB)
Memo Re: Ten Key Berlin Issues Coming up for Decision (207 KB)
JFK - Actions agreed at the discussions at Hyannis Port 8 July 1961 (31.7 KB)
JFK - Memo for The Secretary of Defense (22.3 KB)
JFK - Memo Re: Instability in Eastern Europe (159 KB)
DDE - President Kennedy asking President Eisenhower for a meeting to discuss Berlin (387 KB)
JFK - The Berlin Crisis and the Desirability (70.9 KB)
Interdepartmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin (5.88 MB)
Meeting of the Interdepartmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin (298 KB)
Suggestions for Economic Measures to be used in dealing with the Berlin Problem (206 KB)
Memo Re: Instability in Eastern Europe (87.8 KB)
Military Choices in Berlin Planning (46.7 KB)
NARA - Memo Re: Conversation with Minister Strauss (591 KB)
Selected Statements by Khrushchev on Berlin (767 KB)
DDE - DDE Brief by McNamara with DDE comments (1.78 MB)
DDE - DDE Brief by McNamara, Dulles, Lemnitzer and Lt.Col. Eisenhower w/o DDE comments (1.71 MB)
NARA - Estimated Impact of Western Economic Sanctions against the Sino-Soviet Bloc (3.2 MB)
NARA - Memo White House Meeting on Berlin (8.47 MB)
Meeting of the Inter-Departmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin to Discuss Compliance with NSC Directive No. 59 (209 KB)
Interdepartmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin Documents in response to NSC Action Memorandum No. 59 of July 14, 1961 (1.88 MB)
NARA - Interdepartmental Coordinating Group (34 MB)
NARA - News Conference 14, President Kennedy (74.7 KB)
NARA - NSC Meeting (2.57 MB)
NARA - Draft record of action - NSC meeting (596 KB)
McGeorge Bundy - Nuclear weapons and Berlin (184 KB)
JFK - Memo for President Attached is a logy of the preparation of our aide memoire on Berlin (92.7 KB)
Berlin (198 KB)
DDE\NARA - To Gen. Norstand Re: Preparations for a Berlin crisis (1.21 MB)
JFK - Handwritten note Re: Phone Message (335 KB)
JFK - Draft of a speech to be given by JFK (710 KB)
JKF-Draft of speech (4.17 MB)
JFK - Draft of Presidents report to the nation (18.1 MB)
JFK - Personal note pad of President JFK (11.9 MB)
DDE - Letter from Gen. Norstad to the President on Berlin crisis (818 KB)
Clay - Memo for President Re: Possible places to cut (107 KB)
Clay - Text of the Presidents Report to the Nation (4.25 MB)
Meeting of the Inter-Departmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin (219 KB)
President's Report to the Nation, Delivered July 25, 1961 (463 KB)
Three Presidents of the United States on Berlin (53.5 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 27 July 1961 (596 KB)
Sec. of State memo Re: USIA Berlin Program (78.6 KB)
Draft for appoval of Berlin Pamphlet (2.64 MB)
Joint Chiefs of Staff Decision on United States Outline Plan for Berlin (3.75 MB)
JFK - Memo for McGeorge Bundy Re: Intelligence activities in Berlin (24.3 KB)
DDE - Brief of 15 July abridged (1.49 MB)
Dept. of State telegram Re: EMB submits following response to Dept. instruction. (210 KB)
Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU Concerning the Vienna Talks between Premier Khrushchev and President Kennedy (210 KB)
DDE - Milton Eisenhower Letter to President Re: a Berlin solution. (320 KB)
Memo from Secretary of Defense Intelligence Capability as Related to Berlin Contingency Planning (104 KB)
JFK - Memo for W.W. Rostow Re: Denigration of Walter Ulbricht (58.4 KB)
NARA - Memo Re: Covert Program to support US Government Actions Regarding Berlin (2.62 MB)
Memo The East German Refugees (262 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 10 Aug 1961 (637 KB)
Soviet Tactics on Berlin (72.6 KB)
Cable Re: Subject defected to West Berlin Police Evening 12 Aug (68.2 KB)
JFK - Cable to White House Hyannis from CIA/OCI Re: stop of refugees to West Berlin and West Germany (113 KB)
NARA - Berlin Contingency Plan (282 KB)
NARA - Covert Program to Support US Government Actions regarding Berlin (527 KB)
Berlin Situation Report (As of 1630 hours) (74.1 KB)
NARA - Defense Requirements for CS Support of Paramilitary Operations (442 KB)
JFK - McGeorge Bundy Re: Great concern at the growing demoralization on both sides of the Berlin Line (57.1 KB)
Steering Group Meeting, Reinforcement of the West Berlin Garrison (155 KB)
United States Note to the Ussr on Berlin (50.3 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 17 Aug 1961 (445 KB)
CLAY - Soviet Reply (51.9 KB)
Memo Re: Meeting of US consutative Group on Economic Countermeasures (142 KB)
NARA - Economic Countermeasures (966 KB)
JFK - Advisability of the VP remaining in West Berlin to see our U.S. units enter the city (19.8 KB)
JFK - Following received from Joint War Room (60.7 KB)
NARA - LBJ Arrival statement Berlin (641 KB)
DDE - DDE Brief by Dulles, Gray, Davis and Col. Eisenhower (1.36 MB)
Current Intelligence Memo Re: East German Local Elections of 17 September 1961 (157 KB)
Polish Views on Soviet Stand with Regard to Berlin and Germany Issues (133 KB)
Memo for Participants in NATO Planning Conference (55.8 KB)
JFK - Thoughts on Berlin (1.13 MB)
JFK - Memo Re: Proposed Game on the Berlin Situation (232 KB)
Bloc Military Activities Which may be Related to the Berlin Situation (47.1 KB)
JFK - Memo for the President Re: Meeting on August 20, 1961, with General Eisenhower (329 KB)
Meeting of the Steering Group, August 23, 1961 (139 KB)
Views on Gen. Clay's assignment in Berlin (532 KB)
JFK - Memo Re: Public and Private comments by Khrushchev on US Replies to the Vienna aide-Memoire (477 KB)
Cable Re: Incident with the East German Police (160 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 24 Aug 1961 (383 KB)
Memo to President Re: issues to be settled with Gen Clay (527 KB)
Staff Memo: Free World Reaction to the Berlin Crisis (258 KB)
NARA - First Progress Report (569 KB)
Memo Re: Free World Reaction to the Berlin Crisis (226 KB)
Clay - Letter to Clay Re: Temporary assignment in Berlin (623 KB)
LBJ diary: Appointment with President Kennedy (298 KB)
NARA - First Progress Report (653 KB)
DDE - Alternative one - A substantial effort to reopen ground access by local action concept (1.83 MB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 31 Aug 1961 (556 KB)
Clay - Letter to President Re: Acceptance of assignment (139 KB)
Comments of a Senior Soviet General Officer on soviet Plans Regarding Berlin (209 KB)
1. Khrushchev's intentions regarding Germany, a summit conference, Iran, and Turkey. (230 KB)
NARA - Live Oak exceptions (657 KB)
JFK - Vice President Johnson's report on his visit to Berlin August 21, 1961 (83.1 KB)
JFK - Memo to Bundy Re: Bring to the President's attention the concerns with the moral problem in West Berlin (89.3 KB)
Current Status of Soviet and Satellite Military Forces and Indications of Military Intentions (with cover memo to Taylor from Cabell) (763 KB)
NARA - Memo Report on Suggestions for Covert Actions as Requested by the Special Group (806 KB)
NARA - Memo Second Berlin Progress Report (468 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 7 Sept 1961 (417 KB)
Some Additional Observations Regarding the Call-Up of Reserves Military and Disarmament Planning (192 KB)
Memo to President Re: Potential Aspect of Gen. Clay's Mission (529 KB)
DDE - Call between Gen. Eisenhower and President Kennedy (493 KB)
JFK - Memo for Secretary of State & Defense Re: Berlin contingencies (30 KB)
Participants in Political Military Berlin Game (48.3 KB)
Berlin Negotiations (48.5 KB)
NARA - NATO Live Oak Air Access (136 KB)
NARA - NATO Report - Live Oak (322 KB)
NARA - NATO UK Draft Live Oak (565 KB)
NARA - Memo CIA Covert Actions In Support of US Policy on Berlin (1.02 MB)
Letter - Re: the Intelligence Scene in Berlin, CA Programs in Berlin and Reorientation Base to Meet New Situation and Tasks (425 KB)
NARA - NSAM#94 Steinstuecken and Friedrichstrasse Crossing Point (571 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 14 Sept 1961 (407 KB)
NARA - Negotiating Strategy (11.5 MB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 21 Sept 1961 (260 KB)
NARA - Live Oak Status (2.24 MB)
Evaluation of Regarding Soviet Bloc Exercises in Preparation to Strike the "First Blow", and other matters. (37.8 KB)
NARA - State Air Access (1,020 KB)
NARA - Memo Covert Actions Program in Berlin (684 KB)
NARA - Memo Adenauer's Nervousness on US Policy (777 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 28 Sept 1961 (274 KB)
Memo Re: General Assessment of Soviet Plans and Policies Related to the German Situation (95.4 KB)
NARA - Contingency Plan Status (6.67 MB)

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1961 - Fall

Clay - Possible Statement on Clay Meeting (218 KB)
NARA - NATO Military Countermeasures (1.16 MB)
NARA - Memo Re: Negotiations on European Security (865 KB)
Frequency of USIB Berlin Subcommittee Reports (59.9 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 6 Oct 1961 (838 KB)
DDE - For Norstad from Clay Re: Military to advise and consult with him (1.34 MB)
DDE - Clay to Norstad suggesting meeting in Heidelberg since there are problems with cables (2.03 MB)
DDE - From Gen. Norstad to Gen. Lemnitzer on command and control problems with Clay (2.27 MB)
DDE - This is "Communique No. 2" on the Battle of Berlin (805 KB)
NARA - Memo Current Intelligence and Covert Action Activities in Berlin and West Germany (3.72 MB)
DDE - Telegram Re: Instruction on the Friedrichstrasse crossing (778 KB)
NARA - Secretary of Defense requesting studies of certain proposals in connection with security and surprise attack (3.08 MB)
NARA - Third Berlin Progress Report (726 KB)
West Germay - Luebke says West must not give an inch (492 KB)
NARA - NATO Status on quadripartite planning on Air access (817 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special group Meeting 13 Oct 1961 (661 KB)
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 10 Oct.-16 Oct. (485 KB)
NARA - Secretary McNamara trip to Germany (1.38 MB)
NARA - Memo Re: Negotiations on European Security (3.32 MB)
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation (129 KB)
DOJ to Dulles: The Soviets do not want war, and there will be no war (127 KB)
DDE - Letter to Gen. Norstad Re: discussion on Berlin situation, contingency plans and NATO preparatory military strength build-up (219 KB)
DDE - US Policy on Military Actions in a Berlin Conflict (490 KB)
United States Outline Plan on Berlin (w/attachments) (548 KB)
NARA - NSAM #109 US Policy on Military Actions in a Berlin Conflict (1.46 MB)
NARA - NATO Air Access Announcements (505 KB)
NARA - NATO Maritime Rules (491 KB)
NARA - Ambassadors and Grymko (510 KB)
DDE - Telegram Re: Now that I have received Norstad's recommendations I would like to point out that I do not agree with his premises (1,010 KB)
DDE - Cable Re: In connection with our suspension of assistance vehicles on Autobahn (1.15 MB)
ISL - Army Digest - Nov 1961 (644 KB)
DDE - Cable Re: My distress at lack of common allied front on 27 October was not in criticism of anyone (733 KB)
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation (89.5 KB)
DDE - Letter Re: I had hoped that we would have available the facts on which to base a more or less complete reply to your letter (1.43 MB)
DDE - Letter Re: I had hoped that availability of the facts to base a more or less complete reply to your letter (973 KB)
Dispatch Re: Internal Control of the East German Regime (558 KB)
NARA - Additional Suggested Agenda Items for Special Group Meeting Nov 9th (215 KB)
JFK - Memo for President Re: Bundy's talk with Gen. Clay (245 KB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 9 Nov 1961 (523 KB)
Intelligence Missions of the Soviet Zone Border Police after 12 August 1961 (304 KB)
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation (143 KB)
DDE - Letter to the President from Gen. Norstad SACEUR's instructions to SHAPE Planners (769 KB)
DDE - General Clay's interview by Figaro (1.35 MB)
NARA - Status of Berlin Contingency Planning (15.6 MB)
Negotiations on Berlin (1.04 MB)
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 22 Nov 1961 (471 KB)
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 21 Nov. - 27 Nov. (1.31 MB)
NARA - NSAM #117 Contingency Planning on Berlin (401 KB)
Brief of interview between the President and Aleksei Adzhubei (Editor of Izvestia) (1.03 MB)
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation (101 KB)
NARA - State memo Re: Berlin (1.7 MB)
Staff Memo: Unrest in East Germany (954 KB)
Letter to Gen. Norstad Re: Instructions studied by State & Defense in relation to "US Policy on Military Actions in a Berlin Conflict" (284 KB)
DDE - Memo Re: Detailed expressions of US policy should equip Gen. Norstad to proceed with planning and winning Allied support (3.37 MB)
NARA - Memo for Gen. Norstad Re: "Jack Pine" Plans (137 KB)
NARA - Expansion of Tripartite Operational-Level Plan Jack Pine (1.06 MB)
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: after brief review paper raised question wide versus narrow negotiations. (1.12 MB)
Khrushchev's Acceptance of Nehru's Proposal for a Berlin Settlement (43.4 KB)
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Morning meeting continued discussion substantive paper (1.45 MB)
NARA - Telegram Continued examination substantive paper and contingency planning paper (969 KB)
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 5 Dec - 11 Dec (867 KB)
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Four-Power Ministerial meeting focus on formula with respect negotiations on Berlin for NATO meeting (1.98 MB)
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Four-Power Ministerial meeting devoted entirely to discussion of problem of negotiations on Berlin (2.23 MB)
Note from President to Gen. Clay on his decision to stay on (359 KB)
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation (108 KB)
Unrest in East Germany (258 KB)
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Evening session failed to reach agreement (935 KB)
NARA - Fourth Berlin Progress Report (1.05 MB)
Note from Gen. Clay Re: Thanking the President for his note (1.05 MB)
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 12 Dec - 18 Dec (853 KB)
DCI Briefing - Berlin (75.2 KB)
Staff Memo: Soviet Policy in the Wake of the XXII Party Congress (644 KB)
Memo for the Director: An appraisal of Soviet intentions (667 KB)
DDE - Cable from Clay Re: Considerable interest in instructions to possible uprising along the Zonal, East and West Berlin borders. (1.1 MB)
NARA - Kennedy-Macmillian Discussions 1 (1.57 MB)
NARA - Kennedy-Macmillian Discussions 2 (1.13 MB)
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 19 Dec - 26 Dec (421 K)
Berlin Handbook (5.23 MB)
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation (118 KB)
Soviet Attitude on the Berlin Situation (118 KB)

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Bulletins

CIB: The Communist Bloc (210 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: East - West Relations (110 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: West Berlin (369 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Recent East German Tactics on Berlin (267 KB)
CIB: USSR-Germay (152 KB)
CIB: USSR-Germay (294 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East German Regime Fails to Halt Refugee Flow (190 KB)
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation (154 KB)
CIB: USSR (130 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Bloc Statements on Berlin and Germany (277 KB)
CIB: USSR (245 KB)
CIB: East-West Germany (215 KB)
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation (167 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Soviet Policy on Berlin and Germany (345 KB)
FBIS: Dulles and Brandt (126 KB)
CIB: Bonn Reported Planning Budesrat Meeting in West Berlin (109 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: Soviet News Treatment of Kennedy-Khrushchev Meeting (869 KB)
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation (344 KB)
CIB: USSR (143 KB)
FBIS: Khrushchev's Radio-Television Report (1.52 MB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West Relations (261 KB)
FIBS: Lippmann Interview (165 KB)
FBIS: Volksstimmee series on CIA (55.6 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East German Discontent (173 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West Relations (322 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East German Moves to Counter Evangelical Church Congress (136 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary Re: East-West Relations (187 KB)
CIB: Berlin, West Berlin, West Germany (406 KB)
CIB: Berlin refugees (317 KB)
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation (298 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summar: Berlin (372 KB)
FBIS 46 - for the East Germans (18.4 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Berlin (400 KB)
CIB: West Berlin (221 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West Relations (827 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: Berlin (459 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending ending 3 Aug 61-7 Sep 61 (1.87 MB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: East West relations (237 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 7 Sep 61-15 Sep 61 (1.32 MB)
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation (184 KB)
CIB Re: Daily Brief USSR-Berlin (265 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 15 Sep 61-26 Sep 61 (1.64 MB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Weekly Review East-West Relations (389 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: East West relations (190 KB)
Bi-Weekly Propaganda Guidence - East Germany Internal Situation (188 KB)
FBIS: Berlin Problem (149 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary Re: Soviet Tactics in the Berlin Crisis (454 KB)
CIB Re: Britain - Berlin (154 KB)
CIB Re: Berlin and German Armaments (431 KB)
CIB: West Berlin (268 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Weekly Review Soviet Party Congress (131 KB)
CIB: Berlin: Soviet commandant insists on Right of East Germans to exercise control at sector border (305 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary-Berlin (273 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 26 Sep 61-31 Oct 61 (3.11 MB)
CIB: Berlin (137 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Soviet Moves in the Berlin Situation (208 KB)
CIB: Daily Brief - Berlin (338 KB)
Current Intelligence Memo: West Berlin Population Movement (93.1 KB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Pravda (189 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 31 Oct 61-9 Nov 61( 2.38 MB)
CIB: Daily Brief - USSR-Berlin (159 KB)
CIB: Daily Brief USSR-Berlin (190 KB)
CIB: Warsaw Pact: Meeting may be held soon on Berlin and German problems (237 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence ending 16 Nov 61 (2.48 MB)
CIB: Berlin (173 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 23 Nov 61 (2.28 MB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 30 Nov 61 (2.53 MB)
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation (286 KB)
CIB: USSR-Berlin (181 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 7 Dec 61 (2.27 MB)
CIB: Berlin (240 KB)
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation (389 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 14 Dec 61 (2.07 MB)
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West relations (313 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 21 Dec 61 (2.21 MB)
CIB: West Berlin Morale (105 KB)
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 28 Dec 61 This is the last ISUM for 1961 (992 KB)

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Essays

A Brief History of the Berlin Crisis of 1961 (337 KB)
Bitter Measures: Intelligence and Action in the Berlin Crisis, 1961 (428 KB)
NATO and the Berlin Crisis of 1961: Facing the Soviets While Maintaining Unity (452 KB)
Crisis Over Berlin: A Study Produced by the Historical Office, United States Department of State (286 KB)
The U. S. Military Response to the 1960 - 1962 Berlin Crisis (389 KB)

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NIE - SIE

SNIE: 100-2/1-59 Berlin (1.2 MB)
SNIE-Number 100-5-60 The Soviet Attitude and Tactics on the Berlin Problem (780 KB)
NIE - The Outlook in East Germany (685 KB)
NARA - NIE 11-7-61: Soviet Short-Term Intentions Regarding Berlin and Germany (528 KB)
SNIE: Soviet and Other Reactions to various courses of action regarding Berlin (788 KB)
SNIE 2-61, Soviet and other reactions to various courses of action regarding Berlin (98.3 KB)
SNIE: 2-2-61 Soviet and other reactions to possible us courses of action with respect to Berlin (464 KB)
NARA - SNIE 2-3-61 Probable Soviet Reaction to A Western Embargo (1.05 MB)
SNIE #12.4-61: Stability of east Germany in the Berlin Crisis (385 KB)
SNIE 11-10-61: Soviet Tactics in the Berlin Crisis (331 KB)
SNIE: Reactions to certain US Measures in the Berlin Crisis (402 KB)
SNIE: Soviet Reactions to Certain US Courses of Action (686 KB)
NIE 12-61: The European Satellites (149 KB)
SNIE: Soviet tactics in the Berlin Crisis (323 KB)
SNIE: Probable Soviet and Other Reactions to Certain US Military Measures in the Berlin Crisis (868 KB)
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