Library

 

The Berlin Wall Collection: A City Torn Apart: Building of the Berlin Wall

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly version

Erected literally overnight, the building of the Berlin Wall was the culmination of over a decade of escalating confrontations and contentious blockades contrived to encourage the west to abandon Berlin to the Communist Bloc. The wall was East Germany's ultimate attempt to isolate and destroy an island of freedom. Instead of expelling the west, Berlin became ground zero in a contest of tit-for-tat brinksmanship with a serious risk of erupting into nuclear war. War was averted, but the wall dividing Berlin became a corrosive global symbol of bitter oppression that would last for nearly three decades. Listed below are the documents, essays and overviews from the eleven U.S. Government organizations that provide the background and the political ramifications of the Wall's construction.

View the OPA Press Release and Collection Booklet

Purchase the booklet from GPO  [external link disclaimer]

Contributors of documents other than CIA are indicated in the title by the following initials:

  • HST - Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum
  • DDE - Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum
  • ISL - Ike Skelton Library, Joint Forces Staff College
  • JFK - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
  • LBJ - Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library
  • NARA - National Archives and Records Administration
  • STATE - Department of State, Office of the Historian

 

Table of Contents

Overview
1945-1960
1961 - Winter
1961 - Spring
1961 - Summer
1961 - Fall
Bulletins
Essays
NIE - SIE


 


Overviews

NARA - Intelligence Information Brief-logy of Statements and Documents on the Berlin Crisis1 November 1959 to 31 January1960
Berlin Crisis logy 8 May 1961 to 16 January 1962
NARA - Berlin-Germany Group
DDE - Background Berlin
West German Intelligence paper on Berlin
State-Crisis over Berlin Part I
State-Crisis over Berlin Part II
State-Crisis over Berlin Part III
State-Crisis over Berlin Part IV
State-Crisis over Berlin Part V
State-Crisis over Berlin Part VI


1945-1960

Winston Churchill Speech on Iron Curtain
DDE - Progress Report by Secretary of State on Policy and Courses of Action To Counter Possible Soviet Action Against Berlin
DDE - Soviet Interference with Berlin Rail Access
DDE - Synopsis of State and Intelligence material reported to the President, February 10-13, 1959 material
DDE - Memo of Conference with the President, March 5, 1959 Special Meeting discuss contingency planning in the Berlin crisis
DDE - memo of Conference with the President, 5 Mar 1959 Re: confirmation that all are on the same page with Berlin crisis
DDE - memo of Conference with the President, 6 Mar 1959 Re: concern that all are on the same page with Berlin crisis
DDE - Briefing given by Mr. Dulles given to the Congressional leaders with the President
DDE - memo of Conference on 6 Mar 1959 Re: proposed draft of a reply to the USSR regarding on Berlin/German situation
DDE - Berlin contingency Planning Statement (draft)
DDE - memo of 18 Mar 1959 Re: message from Mr. Herter indicating little basis for fruitful negotiations in the Khrushchev reply
The Kitchen Debate
DDE - DRAFT Communiqué Containing Agreed Recommendations of Foreign Ministers
DDE - Memo for the Record Re: Problem new language on passes for Soviet Zone travel by Western Military Liaison Mission personnel
DDE - Enclosures to a briefing given to President Eisenhower
DDE - Telegram Re: Issues with the new passes
DDE - Telegram Re: Proposed text of Zakharov letter
DDE - memo of Conference with the President Re: Summit Preparations - Germany including Berlin
DDE - Memo for Dulles Re: Report given to the President on U.S. Military Missions in East Germany
DDE - Telegram Re: Possibility of the President visiting Berlin for Freedom Bell Anniversary
DDE - Telegram to Secretary of State Re: Invitation to President for 10th Anniversary of Freedom Bell in Berlin
DDE - Telegram Re: President will not be doing any foreign travel in October
DDE - Telegram Re: President not able to visit Berlin in October
DDE - Topics for Discussion with President-elect Kennedy
DDE - Topics suggested by Mr. Kennedy - Berlin

Back to top


1961 - Winter

Dispatch Re: The Political Leadership
JFK - Bundy for the President Re: Khrushchev stated to Ambassador Thompson that Berlin is the main topic for discussion at Vienna
Cable from Berlin Re: Subject is Lt. Col. Michal Goleniewski
NARA - Memo Re: Contingency Planning with attachments
Memo Re: Some Possible Moves with Respect to Berlin
NARA - Memo Re: Clandestine Action in Support of the US Berlin Policy
Memo From Stewart Re: Clandestine Action in Support of the U.S. Berlin Policy

Back to top


1961 - Spring

Medium Range Ballistic Missile Deployment in East Germany
Memo Re: NIE 11-7-61, Soviet Short-Term Intentions Regarding Berlin and Germany
Memo Re: Summary and Recommendations
NARA - The attached is the "check list" which both he and I recommend you review
DCI Briefing: Berlin
DCI Briefing: Ground Forces
NARA - Memo Re: Berlin Contingency Planning
DCI Briefing: Soviet Economy
DCI Briefing: Soviet Foreign Policy
Current Intelligence Memo Re: Khrushchev's Conversation with Ambassador Thompson on Berlin
JFK - Memo of Conversation Re: President's meeting with Khrushchev
NARA - Memo Re: Temporary Reinforcement as a Berlin Deterrent
Department of State the Director of Intelligence and Research Re: Berlin Problem
Kennedy
NARA - Memo Temporary Reinforcement as a Berlin Deterrent
Analysis of the Khrushchev Speech of January 6, 1961
McGeorge Bundy / WWR - The new SNIE on soviet responses in Berlin Crisis is interesting in several respects.
Memo for Secretary of Defense Re: Berlin Contingency Planning
NARA - Memo Re: Berlin Contingency Planning
NARA - Memo for the President Re: Berlin
NARA - Briefing Paper for NSC Discussion on Berlin 29 June 1961
Note by the Secretaries on Berlin Contingency Planning
Memo for the President Re: A study regarding Berlin prepared in response to NSC Directive No. 58 of June 30, 1961
NARA - Memo Re: The President desires that the NSC be able to evaluate various proposals for US approaches to the Berlin problem

Back to top


1961 - Summer

JFK - Memo for Bundy Re: Request for military plans in connection with Berlin.
Memo Re: Soviet Efforts to Determine Western Planning on the Berlin Situation
JFK - Mac - Isn't it time for some bipartisan consultation Re: Berlin
NARA - Memo for The Secretary of Defense Re: Restrictions on the Use of the Attached Report
JFK - Memo for Bundy Re: Mobilization Plans on Berlin
JFK - Memo for President Re: Berlin Planning Organization
Notes on Soviet Vulnirabilities
JFK - Memo for McGeorge Bundy Re: Status of Berlin Contingency Planning
JFK - Memo for Secretary of State, Defense and Treasury on Berlin
Memo Re: Ten Key Berlin Issues Coming up for Decision
JFK - Actions agreed at the discussions at Hyannis Port 8 July 1961
JFK - Memo for The Secretary of Defense
JFK - Memo Re: Instability in Eastern Europe
DDE - President Kennedy asking President Eisenhower for a meeting to discuss Berlin
JFK - The Berlin Crisis and the Desirability
Interdepartmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin
Meeting of the Interdepartmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin
Suggestions for Economic Measures to be used in dealing with the Berlin Problem
Memo Re: Instability in Eastern Europe
Military Choices in Berlin Planning
NARA - Memo Re: Conversation with Minister Strauss
Selected Statements by Khrushchev on Berlin
DDE - DDE Brief by McNamara with DDE comments
DDE - DDE Brief by McNamara, Dulles, Lemnitzer and Lt.Col. Eisenhower w/o DDE comments
NARA - Estimated Impact of Western Economic Sanctions against the Sino-Soviet Bloc
NARA - Memo White House Meeting on Berlin
Meeting of the Inter-Departmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin to Discuss Compliance with NSC Directive No. 59
Interdepartmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin Documents in response to NSC Action Memorandum No. 59 of July 14, 1961
NARA - Interdepartmental Coordinating Group
NARA - News Conference 14, President Kennedy
NARA - NSC Meeting
NARA - Draft record of action - NSC meeting
McGeorge Bundy - Nuclear weapons and Berlin
JFK - Memo for President Attached is a logy of the preparation of our aide memoire on Berlin
Berlin
DDE\NARA - To Gen. Norstand Re: Preparations for a Berlin crisis
JFK - Handwritten note Re: Phone Message
JFK - Draft of a speech to be given by JFK
JKF-Draft of speech
JFK - Draft of Presidents report to the nation
JFK - Personal note pad of President JFK
DDE - Letter from Gen. Norstad to the President on Berlin crisis
Clay - Memo for President Re: Possible places to cut
Clay - Text of the Presidents Report to the Nation
Meeting of the Inter-Departmental Coordinating Group on Germany and Berlin
President's Report to the Nation, Delivered July 25, 1961
Three Presidents of the United States on Berlin
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 27 July 1961
Sec. of State memo Re: USIA Berlin Program
Draft for appoval of Berlin Pamphlet
Joint Chiefs of Staff Decision on United States Outline Plan for Berlin
JFK - Memo for McGeorge Bundy Re: Intelligence activities in Berlin
DDE - Brief of 15 July abridged
Dept. of State telegram Re: EMB submits following response to Dept. instruction.
Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU Concerning the Vienna Talks between Premier Khrushchev and President Kennedy
DDE - Milton Eisenhower Letter to President Re: a Berlin solution.
Memo from Secretary of Defense Intelligence Capability as Related to Berlin Contingency Planning
JFK - Memo for W.W. Rostow Re: Denigration of Walter Ulbricht
NARA - Memo Re: Covert Program to support US Government Actions Regarding Berlin
Memo The East German Refugees
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 10 Aug 1961
Soviet Tactics on Berlin
Cable Re: Subject defected to West Berlin Police Evening 12 Aug
JFK - Cable to White House Hyannis from CIA/OCI Re: stop of refugees to West Berlin and West Germany
NARA - Berlin Contingency Plan
NARA - Covert Program to Support US Government Actions regarding Berlin
Berlin Situation Report (As of 1630 hours)
NARA - Defense Requirements for CS Support of Paramilitary Operations
JFK - McGeorge Bundy Re: Great concern at the growing demoralization on both sides of the Berlin Line
Steering Group Meeting, Reinforcement of the West Berlin Garrison
United States Note to the Ussr on Berlin
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 17 Aug 1961
CLAY - Soviet Reply
Memo Re: Meeting of US consutative Group on Economic Countermeasures
NARA - Economic Countermeasures
JFK - Advisability of the VP remaining in West Berlin to see our U.S. units enter the city
JFK - Following received from Joint War Room
NARA - LBJ Arrival statement Berlin
DDE - DDE Brief by Dulles, Gray, Davis and Col. Eisenhower
Current Intelligence Memo Re: East German Local Elections of 17 September 1961
Polish Views on Soviet Stand with Regard to Berlin and Germany Issues
Memo for Participants in NATO Planning Conference
JFK - Thoughts on Berlin
JFK - Memo Re: Proposed Game on the Berlin Situation
Bloc Military Activities Which may be Related to the Berlin Situation
JFK - Memo for the President Re: Meeting on August 20, 1961, with General Eisenhower
Meeting of the Steering Group, August 23, 1961
Views on Gen. Clay's assignment in Berlin
JFK - Memo Re: Public and Private comments by Khrushchev on US Replies to the Vienna aide-Memoire
Cable Re: Incident with the East German Police
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 24 Aug 1961
Memo to President Re: issues to be settled with Gen Clay
Staff Memo: Free World Reaction to the Berlin Crisis
NARA - First Progress Report
Memo Re: Free World Reaction to the Berlin Crisis
Clay - Letter to Clay Re: Temporary assignment in Berlin
LBJ diary: Appointment with President Kennedy
NARA - First Progress Report
DDE - Alternative one - A substantial effort to reopen ground access by local action concept
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 31 Aug 1961
Clay - Letter to President Re: Acceptance of assignment
Comments of a Senior Soviet General Officer on soviet Plans Regarding Berlin
1. Khrushchev's intentions regarding Germany, a summit conference, Iran, and Turkey.
NARA - Live Oak exceptions
JFK - Vice President Johnson's report on his visit to Berlin August 21, 1961
JFK - Memo to Bundy Re: Bring to the President's attention the concerns with the moral problem in West Berlin
Current Status of Soviet and Satellite Military Forces and Indications of Military Intentions (with cover memo to Taylor from Cabell)
NARA - Memo Report on Suggestions for Covert Actions as Requested by the Special Group
NARA - Memo Second Berlin Progress Report
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 7 Sept 1961
Some Additional Observations Regarding the Call-Up of Reserves Military and Disarmament Planning
Memo to President Re: Potential Aspect of Gen. Clay's Mission
DDE - Call between Gen. Eisenhower and President Kennedy
JFK - Memo for Secretary of State & Defense Re: Berlin contingencies
Participants in Political Military Berlin Game
Berlin Negotiations
NARA - NATO Live Oak Air Access
NARA - NATO Report - Live Oak
NARA - NATO UK Draft Live Oak
NARA - Memo CIA Covert Actions In Support of US Policy on Berlin
Letter - Re: the Intelligence Scene in Berlin, CA Programs in Berlin and Reorientation Base to Meet New Situation and Tasks
NARA - NSAM#94 Steinstuecken and Friedrichstrasse Crossing Point
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 14 Sept 1961
NARA - Negotiating Strategy
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 21 Sept 1961
NARA - Live Oak Status
Evaluation of Regarding Soviet Bloc Exercises in Preparation to Strike the "First Blow", and other matters.
NARA - State Air Access
NARA - Memo Covert Actions Program in Berlin
NARA - Memo Adenauer's Nervousness on US Policy
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 28 Sept 1961
Memo Re: General Assessment of Soviet Plans and Policies Related to the German Situation
NARA - Contingency Plan Status

Back to top


1961 - Fall

Clay - Possible Statement on Clay Meeting
NARA - NATO Military Countermeasures
NARA - Memo Re: Negotiations on European Security
Frequency of USIB Berlin Subcommittee Reports
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 6 Oct 1961
DDE - For Norstad from Clay Re: Military to advise and consult with him
DDE - Clay to Norstad suggesting meeting in Heidelberg since there are problems with cables
DDE - From Gen. Norstad to Gen. Lemnitzer on command and control problems with Clay
DDE - This is "Communique No. 2" on the Battle of Berlin
NARA - Memo Current Intelligence and Covert Action Activities in Berlin and West Germany
DDE - Telegram Re: Instruction on the Friedrichstrasse crossing
NARA - Secretary of Defense requesting studies of certain proposals in connection with security and surprise attack
NARA - Third Berlin Progress Report
West Germay - Luebke says West must not give an inch
NARA - NATO Status on quadripartite planning on Air access
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special group Meeting 13 Oct 1961
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 10 Oct.-16 Oct.
NARA - Secretary McNamara trip to Germany
NARA - Memo Re: Negotiations on European Security
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation
DOJ to Dulles: The Soviets do not want war, and there will be no war
DDE - Letter to Gen. Norstad Re: discussion on Berlin situation, contingency plans and NATO preparatory military strength build-up
DDE - US Policy on Military Actions in a Berlin Conflict
United States Outline Plan on Berlin (w/attachments)
NARA - NSAM #109 US Policy on Military Actions in a Berlin Conflict
NARA - NATO Air Access Announcements
NARA - NATO Maritime Rules
NARA - Ambassadors and Grymko
DDE - Telegram Re: Now that I have received Norstad's recommendations I would like to point out that I do not agree with his premises
DDE - Cable Re: In connection with our suspension of assistance vehicles on Autobahn
ISL - Army Digest - Nov 1961
DDE - Cable Re: My distress at lack of common allied front on 27 October was not in criticism of anyone
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation
DDE - Letter Re: I had hoped that we would have available the facts on which to base a more or less complete reply to your letter
DDE - Letter Re: I had hoped that availability of the facts to base a more or less complete reply to your letter
Dispatch Re: Internal Control of the East German Regime
NARA - Additional Suggested Agenda Items for Special Group Meeting Nov 9th
JFK - Memo for President Re: Bundy's talk with Gen. Clay
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 9 Nov 1961
Intelligence Missions of the Soviet Zone Border Police after 12 August 1961
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation
DDE - Letter to the President from Gen. Norstad SACEUR's instructions to SHAPE Planners
DDE - General Clay's interview by Figaro
NARA - Status of Berlin Contingency Planning
Negotiations on Berlin
NARA - Memo Minutes of Special Group Meeting 22 Nov 1961
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 21 Nov. - 27 Nov.
NARA - NSAM #117 Contingency Planning on Berlin
Brief of interview between the President and Aleksei Adzhubei (Editor of Izvestia)
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation
NARA - State memo Re: Berlin
Staff Memo: Unrest in East Germany
Letter to Gen. Norstad Re: Instructions studied by State & Defense in relation to "US Policy on Military Actions in a Berlin Conflict"
DDE - Memo Re: Detailed expressions of US policy should equip Gen. Norstad to proceed with planning and winning Allied support
NARA - Memo for Gen. Norstad Re: "Jack Pine" Plans
NARA - Expansion of Tripartite Operational-Level Plan Jack Pine
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: after brief review paper raised question wide versus narrow negotiations.
Khrushchev's Acceptance of Nehru's Proposal for a Berlin Settlement
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Morning meeting continued discussion substantive paper
NARA - Telegram Continued examination substantive paper and contingency planning paper
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 5 Dec - 11 Dec
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Four-Power Ministerial meeting focus on formula with respect negotiations on Berlin for NATO meeting
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Four-Power Ministerial meeting devoted entirely to discussion of problem of negotiations on Berlin
Note from President to Gen. Clay on his decision to stay on
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation
Unrest in East Germany
NARA - Telegram from Kohler Re: Evening session failed to reach agreement
NARA - Fourth Berlin Progress Report
Note from Gen. Clay Re: Thanking the President for his note
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 12 Dec - 18 Dec
DCI Briefing - Berlin
Staff Memo: Soviet Policy in the Wake of the XXII Party Congress
Memo for the Director: An appraisal of Soviet intentions
DDE - Cable from Clay Re: Considerable interest in instructions to possible uprising along the Zonal, East and West Berlin borders.
NARA - Kennedy-Macmillian Discussions 1
NARA - Kennedy-Macmillian Discussions 2
Weekly logy of Reports Concerning the Berlin Situation Received During Week of 19 Dec - 26 Dec
Berlin Handbook
Conclusions of Special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin Situation
Soviet Attitude on the Berlin Situation

Back to top


Bulletins

CIB: The Communist Bloc
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: East - West Relations
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: West Berlin
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Recent East German Tactics on Berlin
CIB: USSR-Germay
CIB: USSR-Germay
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East German Regime Fails to Halt Refugee Flow
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation
CIB: USSR
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Bloc Statements on Berlin and Germany
CIB: USSR
CIB: East-West Germany
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Soviet Policy on Berlin and Germany
FBIS: Dulles and Brandt
CIB: Bonn Reported Planning Budesrat Meeting in West Berlin
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: Soviet News Treatment of Kennedy-Khrushchev Meeting
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation
CIB: USSR
FBIS: Khrushchev's Radio-Television Report
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West Relations
FIBS: Lippmann Interview
FBIS: Volksstimmee series on CIA
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East German Discontent
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West Relations
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East German Moves to Counter Evangelical Church Congress
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary Re: East-West Relations
CIB: Berlin, West Berlin, West Germany
CIB: Berlin refugees
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation
Current Intelligence Weekly Summar: Berlin
FBIS 46 - for the East Germans
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Berlin
CIB: West Berlin
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West Relations
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: Berlin
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending ending 3 Aug 61-7 Sep 61
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: East West relations
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 7 Sep 61-15 Sep 61
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation
CIB Re: Daily Brief USSR-Berlin
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 15 Sep 61-26 Sep 61
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Weekly Review East-West Relations
Current Intelligence Weekly Review: East West relations
Bi-Weekly Propaganda Guidence - East Germany Internal Situation
FBIS: Berlin Problem
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary Re: Soviet Tactics in the Berlin Crisis
CIB Re: Britain - Berlin
CIB Re: Berlin and German Armaments
CIB: West Berlin
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Weekly Review Soviet Party Congress
CIB: Berlin: Soviet commandant insists on Right of East Germans to exercise control at sector border
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary-Berlin
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 26 Sep 61-31 Oct 61
CIB: Berlin
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Soviet Moves in the Berlin Situation
CIB: Daily Brief - Berlin
Current Intelligence Memo: West Berlin Population Movement
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: Pravda
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 31 Oct 61-9 Nov 61
CIB: Daily Brief - USSR-Berlin
CIB: Daily Brief USSR-Berlin
CIB: Warsaw Pact: Meeting may be held soon on Berlin and German problems
NARA - US Army Intelligence ending 16 Nov 61
CIB: Berlin
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 23 Nov 61
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 30 Nov 61
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation
CIB: USSR-Berlin
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 7 Dec 61
CIB: Berlin
CIB: Conclusions of special USIB Subcommittee on Berlin situation
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 14 Dec 61
Current Intelligence Weekly Summary: East-West relations
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 21 Dec 61
CIB: West Berlin Morale
NARA - US Army Intelligence Summary ending 28 Dec 61 This is the last ISUM for 1961

Back to top


Essays

A Brief History of the Berlin Crisis of 1961
Bitter Measures: Intelligence and Action in the Berlin Crisis, 1961
NATO and the Berlin Crisis of 1961: Facing the Soviets While Maintaining Unity
Crisis Over Berlin: A Study Produced by the Historical Office, United States Department of State
The U. S. Military Response to the 1960 - 1962 Berlin Crisis

Back to top


NIE - SIE

SNIE: 100-2/1-59 Berlin
SNIE-Number 100-5-60 The Soviet Attitude and Tactics on the Berlin Problem
NIE - The Outlook in East Germany
NARA - NIE 11-7-61: Soviet Short-Term Intentions Regarding Berlin and Germany
SNIE: Soviet and Other Reactions to various courses of action regarding Berlin
SNIE 2-61, Soviet and other reactions to various courses of action regarding Berlin
SNIE: 2-2-61 Soviet and other reactions to possible us courses of action with respect to Berlin
NARA - SNIE 2-3-61 Probable Soviet Reaction to A Western Embargo
SNIE #12.4-61: Stability of east Germany in the Berlin Crisis
SNIE 11-10-61: Soviet Tactics in the Berlin Crisis
SNIE: Reactions to certain US Measures in the Berlin Crisis
SNIE: Soviet Reactions to Certain US Courses of Action
NIE 12-61: The European Satellites
SNIE: Soviet tactics in the Berlin Crisis
SNIE: Probable Soviet and Other Reactions to Certain US Military Measures in the Berlin Crisis
NIE- NIE Number 12-61 The Outlook in Eastern Europe

Back to top